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Hazrat Mohammed Mustafa S.A.W.W - 1st Infallible [Masoom]

Name- Hazrat Mohammad S.A.W.W

Title- Hazrat Mustafa S.A.W.W

Kuniya- Hazrat Abul Qasim S.A.W.W

Born- In Makkah, 17 Rabiul Awwal, Amul Feel (Year of Elephant), Friday, Time- Subh-e-Sadiq, Born at Shoba-e-Hazrat Abu Talib A.S.

Father- Hazrat Abdullah A.S.

Mother- Bibi Aamena S.A. binte Waheb

Marriage- At 25 years with Bibi Khadeeja S.A., At time of marriage Bibi Khadeeja S.A. age was 40 years.

Nikah - Hazart Abutalib A.S. read nikah for Rasul-e-Khuda S.A.W.W, Hazrat Umar ibn Asad read nikah for Bibi Khadeeja S.A.

Maher- 12 uns Gold and 25 camel

Wives:-
1. Bibi Khadeeja S.A,
2. Saudah,
3. Aiyesha,
4. Hafsah,
5. Zainab binte Khazeema,
6. Umme Salma,
7. Zainab binte Hajash,
8. Jaweera binte Haris,
9. Umme Habeeba,
10. Safeeya,
11. Mamyuna

Children- 3 Sons-
Janab Qasim A.S.,
Janab Ibrahim A.S.,
Janab Abdullah A.S. and
1 Daughter- Bibi Fatema Zahra S.A

Age- 63 Years

Period of Nubuwat- 23 years

Shahadat- 28 Safar, 11 Hijri, Afternoon

Cause of Shahadat- Possibiliy Poison Meat

Name of Qatil- Jewish Women [L.A.] of Khaiber

Place of Burial- Medina

Namaz-e-Janaza read by Hazrat Ali A.S,

Total 7 person attended Namaz-e-Janaza.
Hazrat Ali A.S., Fazl, Abbas, Qusum, Osama, Shukraan, Abutalha.

Hazrat Imam Ali A.S.- 1st Imam and 2nd Infallible [Masoom]

Name- Hazrat Imam Ali A.S.

Title- Hazrat Murtaza A.S.

Kuniya & Laqab - Hazrat Abul Hasan A.S., Abu Turaab, Ameerul Momeneen, Al Murtaza, Asad-ullah, Nafs-ullah, Yad-ullah, Haider-e-Karrar, Nafs-e-Rasul, Saqee-ye-Kausar, Faatah-e-Khaibar.

Father- Hazrat Abu Talib (Imran) A.S.

Mother- Bibi Fatema Binte Asad S.A.

Brother- Janab-e-Talib, Janab-e-Jaa'far, Janab-e-Aqeel.

Date of Birth- Friday, 13th Rajab, 30 Amul Feel, in Khana-e-Kaaba, Makkah

Period of Imamat- 30 Years

Wives:- Imam did nikah with 10 women, at the time of Shahadat 4 wives were present - Amaama, Asma, Laila, Fatema-e-Qalabiya S.A. (Bibi Ummul Baneen S.A.)

Age at Shahadat- 63 Years

Date of Shahadat- 21st Ramzan, 40th Hijri

Cause of Shahadat- Poison Sword, In Masjid-e-Qoofa

Place of Burial- Najaf-e-Ashraf, Iraq

Name of Qatil- Abdul Rahman Ibn Muljim L.A.

Ruler at that time- Muawiya L.A. arch enemy

Children- 12 Sons and 16 Daughters

Names of Children:-

Wife Bibi Fatema S.A. -
1. Imam Hasan A.S.,
2. Imam Hussain A.S.,
3. Janab-e-Zainab S.A,
4. Janab-e-Umme Kulsoom S.A,
5. Janab-e-Mohsin A.S.

Wife Khoola Hanafiya -
6. Janab-e-Mohammad (Abul Qasim bhi kahtey hain inko),

Wife Umme Habeeba binte Rabi'aa -
7. Janab-e-Umru,
8. Janab-e-Roqayya Kubra,

Wife Fatema-e-Qalabiya S.A (Bibi Ummul Baneen S.A) -
9. Hazrat-e-Abbas A.S.,
10. Janab-e-Jaa'far,
11. Janab-e-Usman,
12. Janab-e-Abdullah Akbar,

Wife Laila binte Mas'ood Daarmi'aa -
13. Janab-e-Mohammad Asghar,
14. Janab-e-Abdullah,

Wife Asma binte O'mais -
15. Janab-e-Yahya,

Wife Umme Saeed binte Urwah bin Masood Saqafi -
16. Janab-e-Umme Mohsin,
17. Janab-e-Ramla,

Wife Umme Saeed binte Urwah -
18. Janab-e-Nafsiya,
19. Janab-e-Zainab Sughra,
20. Janab-e-Roqayya Sughra,
21. Janab-e-Umme Haani,
22. Janab-e-Ummul Ekraam,
23. Janab-e-Jumana,
24. Janab-e-Amaama,
25. Janab-e-Umme Salma,
26. Janab-e-Maimoona,
27. Janab-e-Khadeeja,
28. Janab-e-Fatma.

Bibi Hazrat Fatema Zahra S.A. - 3rd Infallible [Masooma]

Name- Hazrat Bibi Fatema S.A.

Title- Bibi Zahra S.A, Bibi Siddiqa S.A.

Kuniya- Bibi Umme Abiha S.A.

Father- Hazrat Mohammad Mustafa S.A.W.W

Mother- Bibi Khadija S.A.

Date of Birth- 20th Jamius Sani, 8 Years before Hijri

Place of Birth- House of Bibi Khadija S.A, Makkah

Age at Shahadat- 18 Years

Date of Shahadat- 3rd Jamius Sani, 11th Hijri

Cause of Shahadat- Injury

Place of Burial- Jannatul Baqi, Madina

Ruler at that Time- Abu Bakr L.A.

Children- 3 Sons and 2 Daughters

Inhedam-e-Jannatul Baqi- Destruction of Holy Shrines by Saood L.A. on 8th Shawwal (21-04-1925)

La'nallaho Umar wa Qunfuz- Qunfuz L.A. was the servant of Umar L.A., He is the one who hit the taziyana on Bibi's right hand, because of this injury Bibi S.A could not hold the Tasbeeh in her right hand till her death.

Hazrat Imam Hasan A.S.:- 2nd Imam and 4th Infallible [Masoom]

Name- Hazrat Imam Hasan A.S.

Title- Hazrat Mujtaba A.S.

Kuniya- Hazrat Abu Mohammad A.S.

Father- Hazrat Ali A.S.

Mother- Bibi Fatema S.A.

Date of Birth- 15th Ramzan, 3rd Hijri, Medina

Period of Imamat- 10 Years

Age at Shahadat- 47 Years

Date of Shahadat- 28th Safar, 50th Hijri

Cause of Shahadat- Poisoned, Muawiyas L.A. Conspiracy

Name of Qatil- Joadha binte Ashash L.A.

Place of Burial- Jannatul Baqi, Medina

Children- 8 Sons and 2 Daughters

Ruler at that time- Muawiya L.A.


Hazrat Imam Hussain A.S.- 3rd Imam and 5th Infallible [Masoom]

Name- Hazrat Imam Hussain A.S.

Title- Hazrat Syed-ush-Shohada A.S.

Kuniya- Hazrat Aba Abdillah A.S.

Father- Hazrat Imam Ali A.S.

Mother- Hazrat Bibi Fatema S.A.

Date of Birth- 3rd Shaban, 4th Hijri, Medina

Period of Imamat- 11 Years

Age at Shahadat- 57 Years

Date of Shahadat- 10 Muharram, 61st Hijri

Cause of Shahadat- Denial of Bayat to Yazeed L.A.

Name of Qatil- Shimr bin Dhil Jawshan L.A.

Place of Burial- Karbala, Iraq

Children- 3 Sons and 2 Daughters

Ruler at that time- Yazeed L.A.


Hazrat Imam Zainul Abedeen A.S.- 4th Imam and 6th Infallible [Masoom]

Name- Hazrat Ali bin Hussain A.S.

Title- Hazrat Imam Zainul Abedeen A.S.

Kuniya- Hazrat Abu Mohammad A.S.

Father- Hazrat Imam Hussain A.S.

Mother- Hazrat Bibi Shaherbano binte Yazdgard S.A.

Date of Birth- 5th Shaban, 38th Hijri, Medina

Period of Imamat- 35 Years

Age at Shahadat- 57 Years

Date of Shahadat- 25th Muharram, 95th Hijri

Cause of Shahadat- Poisoned by Waleed L.A. (Umayyads)

Name of Qatil- Hisham bin Abdul Malik L.A.

Place of Burial- Jannatul Baqi, Medina

Children- 11 Sons and 4 Daughters

Ruler at that time- Al Waleed bin Abdul Malik L.A.


Hazrat Imam Mohammad Baqir A.S. - 5th Imam and 7th Infallible [Masoom]

Name- Hazrat Imam Mohammad Baqir A.S.

Title- Hazrat Baqirul Uloom A.S.

Kuniya- Hazrat Abu Jafar A.S.

Father- Hazrat Imam Zainul Abedeen A.S.

Mother- Hazrat Bibi Fatema Bintul Hasan S.A.

Date of Birth- 1st Rajab, 57th Hijri, Medina

Period of Imamat- 19 Years

Age at Shahadat- 57 Years

Date of Shahadat- 7th Zilhijja, 114th Hijri

Cause of Shahadat- Conspiracy by Hasham bin Al Hakam L.A.

Name of Qatil- Ebrahim bin Waleed L.A.

Place of Burial- Jannatul Baqi, Medina

Children- 5 Sons and 2 Daughters

Ruler at that time- Hisham bin Abdul Malik L.A.


Hazrat Imam Jafar Sadiq A.S.- 6th Imam and 8th Infallible [Masoom]

Name- Hazrat Imam Jaffar A.S.

Title- Hazrat Sadiq A.S.

Kuniya- Hazrat Aba Abdillah A.S.

Father- Hazrat Imam Mohammad Baqir A.S.

Mother- Hazrat Bibi Umme Farwa S.A.

Date of Birth- 17th Rabi-ul-Awwal, 83rd Hijri, Medina

Period of Imamat- 34 Years

Age at Shahadat- 65 Years

Date of Shahadat- 25th Shawwal, 148th Hijri

Cause of Shahadat- Poisoned by Abbasids L.A.

Name of Qatil- Agent of Mansur Dawanki L.A.

Place of Burial- Jannatul Baqi, Medina

Children- 7 Sons and 3 Daughters

Ruler at that time- Al Mansur Dawanki L.A.


Hazrat Imam Musa Kazim A.S.- 7th Imam and 9th Infallible [Masoom]

Name- Hazrat Imam Musa A.S.

Title- Hazrat Kazim A.S.

Kuniya- Hazrat Abul Hasan A.S.

Father- Hazrat Imam Jaffer Sadiq A.S.

Mother- Hazrat Bibi Hamida S.A.

Date of Birth- 7th Safar, 128th Hijri, Abwa

Period of Imamat- 34 Years

Age at Shahadat- 55 Years

Date of Shahadat- 25th Rajab, 183rd Hijri

Cause of Shahadat- Poisoned Dates by Haroon L.A.

Name of Qatil- Haroon Rasheed Barmaki L.A.

Place of Burial- Kazmain, Iraq

Children- 18 Sons and 19 Daughters

Ruler at that time- Haroon Rasheed L.A.


Hazrat Imam Reza A.S.:- 8th Imam and 10th Infallible [Masoom]

Name- Hazrat Imam Ali bin Musa A.S.

Title- Hazrat Al Reza A.S.

Kuniya- Hazrat Abul Hasan A.S.

Father- Hazrat Imam Musa Kazim A.S.

Mother- Hazrat Bibi Najma S.A.

Date of Birth- 11th Zeeqaad, 148th Hijri, Abwa

Period of Imamat- 20 Years

Age at Shahadat- 55 Years

Date of Shahadat- 28th Safar, 203rd Hijri

Cause of Shahadat- Poisoned Grapes

Name of Qatil- Mamoon bin Haroon L.A.

Place of Burial- Tus (Mashhad) Iran

Children- 1 Son and 1 Daughter

Ruler at that time- Mamoon Abbasi L.A.


Hazrat Imam Taqi A.S.- 9th Imam and 11th Infallible [Masoom]

Name- Hazrat Imam Mohammad bin Ali A.S.

Title- Hazrat Taqi Al Jawad A.S.

Kuniya- Hazrat Abu Jaffer A.S.

Father- Hazrat Imam Al Reza A.S.

Mother- Hazrat Bibi Sabeeka S.A.

Date of Birth- 10th Rajab, 195th Hijri, Medina

Period of Imamat- 17 Years

Age at Shahadat- 25  Years

Date of Shahadat- 29th Zeeqada, 220th Hijri

Cause of Shahadat- Poisoned by Mamoons Daughter L.A. (Abbasids)

Name of Qatil- Mo'tasim Abbasi L.A.

Place of Burial- Kazmain, Iraq

Children- 2 Sons and 2 Daughters

Ruler at that time- Mo'tasim Abbasi L.A.


Hazrat Imam Naqi A.S.- 10th Imam and 12th Infallible [Masoom]

Name- Hazrat Imam Ali bin Mohammad A.S.

Title- Hazrat Naqi un Hadi A.S.

Kuniya- Hazrat Abul Hasan A.S.

Father- Hazrat Imam Mohammed Taqi A.S.

Mother- Hazrat Bibi Umme Fadhl S.A.

Date of Birth- 27th Zilhijja, 212th Hijri, Medina

Period of Imamat- 33 Years

Age at Shahadat- 42  Years

Date of Shahadat- 3rd Rajab, 254th Hijri

Cause of Shahadat- Poisoned in Food (by Abbasids L.A.)

Name of Qatil- Agent of Mu'taz L.A.

Place of Burial- Samrah, Iraq

Children- 4 Sons and 1 Daughter

Ruler at that time- Mu'taz Abbasi L.A.


Hazrat Imam Hasan Askari A.S.:- 11th Imam and 13th Infallible [Masoom]

Name- Hazrat Imam Hasan bin Ali A.S.

Title- Hazrat Zaki-un-Askari A.S.

Kuniya- Hazrat Abu Mohammed A.S.

Father- Hazrat Imam Ali A.S.

Mother- Hazrat Bibi Hadis Saleel S.A.

Date of Birth- 9th Rabi-us-Sani, 232th Hijri, Medina

Period of Imamat- 6 Years

Age at Shahadat- 28  Years

Date of Shahadat- 8th rabi-ul-Awwal, 260th Hijri

Cause of Shahadat- Poisoned in the Drink (by Abbasids L.A.)

Name of Qatil- Agent of Mu'tamid Abbasi L.A.

Place of Burial- Samrah, Iraq

Children- 1 Son

Ruler at that time- Mu'tamid L.A.


Hazrat Imam Mahdi A.S.:- 12th Imam and 14th Infallible [Masoom]

Name- Hazrat Imam Mohammad A.S.

Title- Hazrat Mahdi Muntazar A.S.

Kuniya- Hazrat Abul Qasim A.S.

Father- Hazrat Imam Hasan Askari A.S.

Mother- Hazrat Bibi Narjis Khatoon S.A.

Date of Birth- 15th Shaban, 255th Hijri, Samrah,Iraq

Period of Imamat- INFINITE

Age- Went In Occultation in 260th Hijri.
Fatima (ع) Daughter of Muhammad (ص): Fatima (615 – 632 A.D.), mother of the Imams (ع), is the daughter of the Messenger of Allah (ص) by his first wife, Khadija daughter of Khuwaylid, may the Almighty be pleased with her. Fatima was born in Mecca on a Friday, the 20th of Jumada II in the fifth year after the declaration of the Prophetic message which corresponds, according to the Christian calendar, to the year 615.
She was only 18 and 75 days when she died in Medina few days only (some say 75) after the death of her revered father (ص): The Prophet (ص) passed away on Safar 28/May 28 according to the Christian Gregorian calendar, or the 25th according to the Julian calendar, of the same year.
Fatima passed away on the 14th of Jumada I of 11 A.H. which corresponded to August 7, 632 A.D. She was buried somewhere in the graveyard of Jannatul-Baqi' in Medina in an unmarked and unknown grave. According to her will, her husband, Imam Ali (ع), did not leave any marks identifying her grave, and nobody knows where it is. According to Shiite Muslims, she was the only daughter of the Holy Prophet (ص).
Fatima has nine names/titles: Fatima فاطمة, al-Siddiqa الصديقة (the truthful one), al-Mubaraka المباركة (the blessed one), al-Tahira الطاهرة (the pure one), al-Zakiyya الزكية (the chaste one), al-Radhiayya الرضية (the grateful one), al-Mardhiyya المرضية (the one who shall be pleased [on Judgment Day]), al-Muhaddatha المحدثة (the one, other than the Prophet, to whom an angel speaks) and al-Zahra الزهراء (the splendid one).
The Prophet (ص) taught Fatima ‎(‎ع‎) divine knowledge and endowed her with special intellectual brilliance, so much so that she realized the true meaning of faith, piety, and the reality of Islam. But Fatima ‎(‎ع‎) also was a witness to sorrow and a life of anguish from the very beginning of her life. She constantly saw how her revered father was mistreated by the unbelievers and later how she herself fell a victim to the same abuse, only this time by some “Muslims”.
A number of chronicles quote her mother, Khadija, narrating the following about the birth of her revered daughter: “At the time of Fatima’s birth, I sent for my neighboring Qurayshite women to assist me. They flatly refused, saying that I had betrayed them by marrying and supporting Muhammad. I was perturbed for a while when, to my great surprise, I saw four strange tall women with halos around their faces approaching me.
Finding me dismayed, one of them addressed me thus, ‘O Khadija! I am Sarah, mother of Ishaq (Isaac). The other three are: Mary mother of Christ, Asiya daughter of Muzahim and Umm Kulthum sister of Moses. We have all been commanded by God to put our nursing knowledge at your disposal.’ Saying this, all of them sat around me and rendered the services of midwifery till my daughter Fatima was born.”
The motherly blessings and affection received by Fatima (ع) were only for five years after which Khadija left for her heavenly home. The Holy Prophet brought her up thereafter.
The Holy Prophet said: “Whoever injures (bodily or otherwise) Fatima, he injures me; and whoever injures me injures Allah; and whoever injures Allah practices unbelief. O Fatima! If your wrath is incurred, it incurs the wrath of Allah; and if you are pleased, it makes Allah pleased, too.”
M.H. Shakir writes the following: “Fatima, the only daughter of the Holy Prophet of Islam, was born in Mecca on 20th of Jumada al-Thaniya 18 B.H. (Before Hijra). The good and noble lady Khadija and the Apostle of Allah bestowed all their natural love, care and devotion on their lovable and only child, Fatima, who in her turn was extremely fond of her parents. The Princess of the House of the Prophet was very intelligent, accomplished and cheerful. Her speeches, poems and sayings serve as an index to her strength of character and nobility of mind. Her virtues gained her the title ‘Our Lady of Light’. She was moderately tall, slender and endowed with great beauty which caused her to be called ‘az-Zahra’ (the Lady of Light)".
Fatima (ع) was called az-Zahra' because her light used to shine among those in the heavens. After arriving in Medina, she was married to Ali in the first year of Hijra, and she gave birth to three sons. Her sons were: Hassan, Hussain, Masters of the youths of Paradise, and Muhsin. Muhsin never saw the light because he was aborted as his mother was behind her house door fending for herself while rogues were trying to break into it and force her husband to swear the oath of allegiance to Abu Bakr. She had two daughters, Zainab, the heroine of Kerbala, and Umm Kulthum. Her children are well-known for their piety, righteousness and generosity. Their strength of character and actions changed the course of history.
The Holy Prophet said فاطمة بضعة مني, "Fatima is part of me". He would go out to receive his daughter whenever she came from her husband's house. Every morning on his way to the Mosque, he would pass by Fatima's house and say, "as-Salamu `alaykum ya Ahla Bay annnubuwwah wa ma`din arr-risala " (Peace be with you, O Ahl al-Bayt (Household of the Prophet) and the Substance of the Message).
Fatima (ع) is famous and acknowledged as the "Sayyidatu nisa '1-`alamin" (Leader of all the women of the world for all times) because the Prophethood of Muhammad would not have been everlasting without her. The Prophet is the perfect example for men, but could not be so for women. For all the verses revealed in the Holy Qur'an for women, Fatima is the perfect model, who translated every verse into action. In her lifetime, she was a complete woman, being Daughter, Wife and Mother at the same time.
Fatima inherited the genius and wisdom, the determination and will power, piety and sanctity, generosity and benevolence, devotion and worship of Allah, self-sacrifice and hospitality, forbearance and patience, knowledge and nobility of disposition of her illustrious father, both in words and in actions. “I often witnessed my mother,” says Imam Husain, "absorbed in prayer from dusk to dawn."
Her generosity and compassion for the poor was such that no destitute or beggar ever returned from her door empty-handed. She (ع) worked, dressed, ate and lived very simply. She was very generous; and none who came to her door ever went away empty handed. Many times she gave away all the food she had had, staying without any food at all. As a daughter, she loved her parents so much that she won their love and regard to such an extent that the Holy Prophet (ص) used to stand up whenever she came to him.

Fatima's oppressed.

hroughout her life, Fatima (ع) never spoke to those who had oppressed her and deprived her of her rightful claims. She kept her grief to herself. During her sickness which preceded her death, she requested that her oppressors should be kept away even from attending her funeral. Her ill-wishers even resorted to physical violence.
Once the door of her house was pushed on her, and the child she was carrying was hurt and the baby-boy was stillborn. This incident took place, and it is very well documented by Shi’ite and Sunni historians and chroniclers, when ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab was urging, sometimes even beating, people to go to the Prophet’s Mosque to swear allegiance to his friend, Abu Bark.
‘Umar promoted Abu Bakr to the seat of “caliph”, being the very first person to swear allegiance to him after being convinced that it would not be long before he, too, would occupy the same seat. Fatima’s house was set on fire.
Having been mistreated and stricken with grief, which crossed all limits of forbearance and endurance, she expressed her sorrows in an elegy which she composed to mourn her father the Holy Prophet (ص). In that elegy, she makes a particular reference to her woeful plight saying, after having taken a handful of earth from her father’s grave, putting it on her eyes, crying and saying..
What blame should be on one who smells Ahmed’s soil
That he shall never smell any precious person at all?
Calamities have been poured on me (like waters boil)
Were they poured on days, they would become nights.
In the shade of Muhammad, I enjoyed all protection
And he was my beauty, and I feared no oppression,
But now I surrender to the lowly and fear I am done
Injustice, pushing my oppressor with only my gown.
So, if a dove cries during its night, forlorn,
Out of grief on its twig, I cry in my morn.
So, I shall after you let grief be a companion for me,
And my tears that mourn you my cover they shall be.

On p. 218, Vol. 2, of al-Tabari’s Tarikh (Dar al-Amira for Printing, Publishing and Distribution, Beirut, Lebanon, 2005), it is stated that when Fatima could not get her inheritance, Fadak, from Abu Bakr, she boycotted him and never spoke to him till her death.
The death of the Apostle, affected her very much and she was very sad and grief-stricken and wept her heart out crying all the time. Unfortunately, after the death of the Prophet, the Government confiscated her famous land of Fadak. Fatima (ع) was pushed behind her home door (when they attacked Ali’s house and took him away in order to force him to accept the caliphate of Abu Bakr), so the fetus she was carrying, namely Muhsin, was subsequently aborted.
‘Umar ibn al-Khattab ordered his servant, Qunfath, to set her house on fire, an incident which is immortalized by verses of poetry composed by the famous Egyptian poet Hafiz Ibrahim which is reproduced here but without English translation. The author has preferred not to translate it in order not to hurt the feelings of his Sunni brethren, especially non-Arabs:

On p. 220, Vol. 2, of al-Tabari’s Tarikh (Arabic text), it is stated that the Holy Prophet (ص) remained unburied for three days. His sacred body finally received the burial bath by his cousin and son-in-law, Fatima’s husband Ali (ع). Besides Ali (ع), those who attended the burial of the Prophet (ص) were: al-Abbas ibn Abdul-Muttalib, his son al-Fadhl, Qutham ibn al-Abbas, Usamah ibn Zaid, and Shuqran, a freed slave of the Prophet (ص), according to the same page. According to Ibn Ishaq, Aws ibn Khawli, who had taken part in the Battle of Badr, earnestly requested Ali (ع) to let him assist in burying the Messenger of Allah (ص) which the Commander of the Faithful accepted (ع).
The tragedy of her father's death and the unkindness of her father's followers, were too much for the good, gentle and sensitive lady and she breathed her last on Jumda I 14, 11 A.H., exactly seventy-five days after the death of her revered father, the Holy Prophet of Islam. Grieved about the way she was treated by certain “sahaba” of the Prophet (ص), the confiscation of her property, Fadak, the aborting of her son, Musin, and the confiscation of the right to caliphate from her husband, Ali, were all too much for her, so much so that they eventually put an end to her life when she was in the prime of her life at the age of eighteen, although historians provide different dates, and was buried in Jannatul-Baqi', Medina.

Fatima's Death.
On p. 218, Vol. 2, of al-Tabari’s Tarikh, al-Tabari says,
فدفنها علي ليلا، و لم يؤذن بها أبا بكر
“Ali buried her at night, and Abu Bakr did not call the athan (to announce her death).”
Fatima (ع) did not survive more than seventy-five days after the demise of her father. She breathed her last on the 14th Jumdi I, 11 A.H. Before her demise, she told her will to her husband, Imam Ali (ع), thus:
1. O Ali, you will personally perform my funeral rites.
2. Those who have displeased me should not be allowed to attend my funeral.
3. My corpse should be carried to the graveyard at night.
Thus, Imam Ali (ع), in compliance with her will, performed all the funeral rites and accompanied exclusively by her relatives and sons carried her at night to Jannatu'l-Baqi `, where she was laid to rest and her wishes fulfilled.
Having buried her, in the darkness of the night, her husband, the Commander of the Faithful Ali (ع) composed these verses of poetry:
Why did I stand at the graves to greet,
The tomb of the loved one, but it did not respond?
O loved one! Why do you not answer us?
Have you forgotten the friendship among loved ones?
The loved one said: How can I answer you
While I am held hostage by soil and stones?
Earth has eaten my beauties, so I forgot about you,
And I now am kept away from family and peers;
So, peace from me to you, the ties are now cut off
And so are the ties with loved ones.
On p. 136 of Dalaa’il al-Imama دلائل الامامة, we are told that those who attended Fatima’s burial in the darkness of the night were, besides her husband Ali (ع), none other than both her sons al-Hassan and al-Hussain (ع), her daughters Zainab and Umm Kulthum, her maid Fidda and Asmaa daughter of Umays. The author, as quoted on p. 92, Vol. 10 of the newly published edition of Bihar al-Anwar, adds the following:
In the morning of the eve in which she (Fatima) was buried, al-Baqi’ was found to have forty new graves. When the Muslims came to know about her death, they went to al-Baqi’ where they found forty freshly built graves, so they were confused and could not identify her grave from among all of them. People fussed and blamed each other. They said, “Your Prophet left only one daughter among you. She dies and is buried while you do not attend her demise or perform the prayers for her or even know where her grave is.”
Those in authority among them said, “Bring from among the Muslims’ women those who would inter these graves till we find her, perform the prayers for her and visit her grave.” The report reached the Commander of the Faithful, Allah’s blessings with him, so he came out furious, his eyes reddened, his veins swollen and wearing his yellow outer garment which he always put on whenever there was trouble, leaning on his sword, Thul-Fiqar, till he reached al-Baqi’. A warner rushed to people to warn them saying, “Here is Ali ibn Abu Talib has come as you can see, swearing by Allah that if anyone moves a brick of these graves, he will kill each and every one of them.”
He was met by ‘Umar [ibn al-Khattab] and some of his companions and said, “What is wrong with you, O father of al-Hassan?! By Allah, we shall inter her grave, and we shall perform the [funeral] prayers for her.” Ali (ع) took hold of ‘Umar’s garment, shook him and threw him on the ground and said, “O son of the black woman! As regarding my right [to succeed the Prophet as the caliph], I have abandoned it for fear people might revert from their religion. As for Fatima’s grave, I swear by the One Who holds Ali’s soul in His hands that if you and your fellows want to do any such thing, I shall let the earth drink of your blood, all of you; so, if you want, stay away from it, O ‘Umar.”
Abu Bakr met him and said, “O father of al-Hassan! By the right of the Messenger of Allah (ص) and by the right of the One on the Arsh, leave him, for we shall not do anything which you dislike.” Ali (ع) left ‘Umar alone. People dispersed and did not make any further attempt. This incident shows the reader how Abu Bakr was blessed with a higher degree of wisdom than ‘Umar.

Following are verses of poetry in honor of Fatima, Head of the Women of Mankind, composed by the late Shaikh Muhsin Abu al-Hubb Senior presented to all ladies who descended from Fatima:
When they mention Eve, I say that Fatima is her pride,
Or if Mary is mentioned, I say that Fatima is superior.
Can anyone underestimate a father such as Muhammad?
Or does Mary have a lion cub more brave than Fatima’s?
Each had a status at her birth that puzzles sages’ minds:
This to her date tree resorted, so of fresh ripe dates she ate,
Giving birth to Jesus without fright, how so when the guard
Is the most brave night sojourner?
And to the wall and the door’s slab did this resort,
Prophet’s daughter, so she aborted what she was bearing.
She fell, and her fetus [Muhsin] fell with her, surrounded by
Every one of a mean descent and lowly birth:
This rogue rebukes her, that one reprimands her,
This one dismisses her, that one even kicks her…
Though before her was the lion of lions being led
By the rope…, so, is there a greater calamity?
Fatima will come on the Judgment Day to complain
To the Lord of the Heavens, and she will wail,
And you will know who her fetus was, why she wails
Why she presents a complaint from which the heavens shake:
“Lord! My inheritance and my husband’s right did they confiscate
“And, moreover, all my sons did they kill, O Lord!”

Here is a poem composed by the Christian poet Abdul-Maseeh al-Antaki (of Antioch city) in praise of Fatima al-Zahra (ع), for those who agree with our [religious] views and those who do not have all testified to Fatima’s distinction: She is the Mistress of all Women of Mankind from the early generations to the very last:
Among women, hers is a unique birth:
No other daughter of Eve comes to her distinctions close.
One from whose forehead the sun’s rays shine,
From her standing places glitter glows.
She is the peer of the honored one and only who
In his feats and supreme honors is her only match.
Arabs seek competent peers for daughters to marry
A tradition which they refuse to forgo.
Any marriage without a competent peer they regard
As a shame on them that debases them among peers.
Who can match in lineage the daughter of the Chosen one?
Who among the Arabs in honors matches her?
Who suits Taha (ص) to be his son-in-law,
A marriage tie that brings happiness to one who wins it
Other than Ali, the one loved by the Chosen One?
He accepted Guidance since the Messenger called for it.
Next to the Chosen One, he is the best of Quraish
Since the Almighty created its souls.
And he is the hero of Islam well known
By those wars that raised his status.


Every food has its own benefits. But there are numerous foods which are most favorite of our Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him). Than No Doubt there benefits are much much more than the rest because these foods are liked by our Prophet. Some of them are also mentioned in Qur’an.

Barley and it’s benefits

Barley is the first recommendation for hot in-temperament diseases. Barley is soaked in water, which is drunk for coughs and sore throats. The soup made from barley given to anyone suffering from the pain of fever is good.

Prophet (Peace be upon him) recommend barley to cure grief of heart and ailments of the kidney.

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:

In the life-time of Allah’s Apostle , we used to give one Sa’ of food (edible things) as Sadaqat-ul-Fit,r (to the poor). Our food used to be either of barley, raisins (dried grapes), cottage cheese or dates. (Book #25, Hadith #586)

Dates and it’s benefits

Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) used to plant date trees himself. Dates should be eaten with almonds to annul any adverse effects. Fresh dates should also be eaten at the time of childbirth. It helps increasing the blood and weight as well and good for anemic.

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:

“He who eats seven ‘Ajwa dates every morning, will not be affected by poison or magic on the day he eats them.” [Sahih Bukhari]

Figs and it’s benefits

Fresh figs are preferred to dried. Although quite nourishing, they are very hot. So eat of it, for it is a cure for piles and helps gout. It’s a very good cure for stomach disorders. It helps in curing from different kind if cancers.

Allah SWT says in Qur’an:

“I swear by the fig and the olive” [Surah At-Tīn (the fig)]

Honey and it’s benefits

Best remedy for diarrhea when mixed in hot water. It is used for creating appetite, strengthening the stomach, eliminating phlegm; as a meat preservative, hair conditioner, eye soother and mouthwash. It is extremely beneficial in the morning in warm water.

“Honey is a remedy for every illness and the Qur’an is a remedy for all illness of the mind, therefore I recommend to you remedies, the Qur’an and honey” [Bukhari]

Milk and it’s benefits

The Prophet (Peace be upon) said that milk wipes away heat from the heart just as the finger wipes away sweat from the brow. It strengthens the back, improved the brain, renews vision and drives away forgetfulness.

Allah has mentioned:

Rivers of milk the taste whereof does not change” [Qur'an 47:15]. And again He said, “Pure milk, easy and agreeable to swallow for those who drink” [Qur'an 16:66].

The Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) loved milk

Olives and it’s benefits

Olive oil is an excellent treatment for the skin and hair, and it delays old age.Green olives are the most nourishing, and counteract auto intoxication. Black olives cause the spleen to overproduce bile and are hard on the stomach. Olive leaves can be chewed as treatment for inflammation of the stomach, skin ulcerations, and eruptions of herpes and hives.

Allah has said of the olive tree: “And a tree that grows out of Mount Sinai which produces oil and a condiment for those who eat. For olive oil is the supreme seasoning.” Allah has also called it the Blessed Tree [Qur'an 24:35]

Pumpkin and it’s benefits

Pumpkin can lower the risk of prostate cancer. Protect against joint inflammation and arthritis. Have a cup of pumpkin seeds per day to prevent appearance of wrinkles. Stimulates the kidneys and prevents the formation of calcium oxalate stones. Having pumpkins prevent depression.

“The Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) amongst all other foods, liked pumpkin." [Tirmidhi]

All of these foods are proved to be really useful for human health and different parts of body. Milk, Honey are specially very important. So we should try to use these foods regularly because these are not just Sunnah but also useful.

Love



One of the other duties of wife and husband is to love each other and this is a very important factor behind the unity in society. There are two kinds of love between wife and husband; one is divine love that is when two persons get married, they feel love towards each other. This is something Godly: “And one of His signs is that He created mates for you from yourselves that you may find rest in them, and He put between you love and compassion; most surely there are signs in this for a people who reflect.”1
The other kind of love is acquired love that is to say one should create the groundwork for love. Both wife and husband should act in a way that the other spouse starts to love him or her. They should take care in choosing their mates. Imam Musa ibn Ja’far (al-Kadhim) (AS) has narrated from the Messenger of Allah (SAW) his saying: “Choose virgin women as your wives, for they are more pleasant in mouths, purer in wombs, smarter in learning, and steadier in love.”2
The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “The more a person is faithful, the more he loves his wife.”3
In a sermon of Imam Sajjad (AS), we read: “Seven features have been given to us, the Ahlul Bayt which are not given to anyone else; good look, eloquence, manliness, courage, forbearance, knowledge and love of women.”4
Imam Sadiq (AS) said: “Love of women is a trait of the prophets.”5
The Holy Prophet (SAW) also said: “Fear Allah concerning the two weaks; orphan and woman. The best of you is one who behaves well towards his wife and children.”6

Toleration

The wife and husband’s duty is to forgive each other’s lapses. The husband has a special duty in observing the state of his wife. After the Battle of Jamal, Imam Ali (AS) delivered the following sermon: “O peoples! Women are deficient in intelligence. As regards the deficiency in their faith, it is their abstention from prayers and fasting during their menstrual period. As regards deficiency in their intelligence, it is because the witnessing of two women is equal to that of one man. As for the deficiency of their shares, it is that their share in inheritance is half of men’s. So beware of the evils of women. Be on your guard even from those of them who are reportedly good. Do not obey them even in good things so that they may not attract you to evils.”7

Wife And Husband Helping Each Other

Imam Sadiq (AS) said: “Ameerul Mo’minin (AS) used to collect firewood, took out water of the well, and sweep (the house) while Lady Fatima milled the wheat, kneaded the flour and baked bread.”8
The Messenger of Allah (SAW) has been reported by Imam Ali (AS) as saying: “One who has the following four features will have the good of this life and the afterlife; piety that keeps him away from prohibitions, good temperament with which he lives among people, forbearance which wards off the ignorance of an ignorant person, and a good wife who assists him in the affairs of this world and the hereafter.”9
Imam Sadiq (AS) said: “Any woman who satisfies her husband with a glass of water will have the reward of devotion of one year (fasting the days and keeping vigil the nights in worshipping). God will build her a town in paradise and will forgive sixty sins of her.”10
About Imam Sadiq (AS), it is reported: “He sewed his clothes, mended his shoes, and worked outside home like other men.”11

Mutual Respect

Imam Sadiq (AS) said: “A group of people came to the Messenger of Allah (SAW) saying: ‘O Messenger of Allah! We have seen people who prostrate before each other.’ The Holy Prophet (SAW) said: ‘If I would give an order to people to prostrate before each other, I would order women to prostrate before their husbands.”12
Imam Musa Ibn Ja’far (AS) said: “The Jihad of woman is to take care of her husband.”13
Imam Sadiq (AS) has reported his father as saying: “One, who gets married, should honor his wife and should not annoy her.”14

To Avoid Bothering Each Other

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Every wife who vexes her husband, God will not accept her prayer and her good deeds unless her husband is pleased with her, even if she fasts all her life, spends all nights worshipping, sets slaves free and spends her wealth in the way of Allah. She will be the first to enter the fire.”
The Holy Prophet (SAW) then said: “The same is true about a man who vexes his wife or does injustice to her.”15

To Be Tolerant

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Whoever tolerates his wife’s bad temper for the sake of God, God will reward him as the reward of (Prophet) Ayyub (Job) for his patience with afflictions. The wife too should discharge her duties properly. If she dies before her husband and he is not pleased with her, she will enter the abyss of hell with the hypocrites on the Day of Judgment.”16

Wife and Husband’s Jealousy

Imam Ali (AS) has been reported as saying: “The wife’s zeal is (from) disbelief and the husband’s zeal is (from) faith.”17
Imam Sadiq (AS) has been reported by Jabir as saying: “God has made Jihad obligatory on men and on women. As for the jihad of man, man is to offer his properties and blood in the way of Allah. And as for the jihad of woman, womanis to be patient with her husband’s harms and jealousy.”18

To Forgive Each Other

Ishaq ibn Ammar narrated: “I said to Imam Sadiq (AS): ‘What is a woman’s right on a man? What should he do for her?’ The Imam (AS) said: ‘To provide her with food and dress and forgive her when she makes a mistake.’ Then, the Imam said: ‘There was a woman (wife) with my father who often vexed him, but he forgave her.”19
Imam Sadiq (AS) has also said: “Observe Taqwa with the two weaks (meaning orphans and women)…for they (women) are but your honor.”20
The wife and husband have to observe certain rules in order to have a happy life in a way that their tie is not broken. They have to observe other rules too. As they have a common family life, they should be sincere to each other. They should do their best to please each other. They should avoid discord, despair, rancor and enmity. They should consider the other partner as a sincere friend. They should be kind to their in-laws and consider them as their own relatives and family members.
They should avoid finding faults with each other. They should never disclose their own secrets to others. They should not have undue expectations. They should not exceed the limits. They should keep their house, bodies and clothes clean.
They should avoid suspicion and undue pleasantry. They should take care of each other with wisdom. They should do their best in teaching, training and purifying each other. They should thank each other. They should help each other to run the family life economically. They should counsel each other. They should be loyal to each other. They should never compare themselves with those who are above them in wealth; rather, they should compare themselves with those below them in wealth.
They should be patient with hardships, and trustworthy in their lives. They should be content with what God Almighty has given them. The wife should leave the house with the permission of her husband. She should keep away from what may vex her husband and the husband too should do his best not to annoy his wife.
They should refrain from associating with unsuitable people. Imam Sadiq (AS) has said: “A lustful look is like a poisoned arrow of Satan.” The Imam has also said: “Long looks create lustfulness which leads to mischief.”21
Finally, it is incumbent on every man and woman to follow such models as the Messenger of Allah (SAW), Khadijah (AS), Imam Ali (AS), Lady Fatimah (AS), Imam Hossain (AS), Rabab, Shahrbanoo, Imam Zaynol Aabideen (a.s.) Fatima daughter of Imam Hassan (a.s.), Imam Baqir (AS), Umm Farwah and the like, and learn lessons of life, sincerity, and kindness from them.

Wet Nursing (Breastfeeding)

Imam Ali (AS) has been reported in Khisal of Sheikh Sadooq in the four hundred Hadiths, as saying: “Get married, because marriage is from the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (SAW) who said: ‘Whoever likes to follow my Sunnah should get married and have children. Tomorrow, on the Day of Judgment, I will be proud of you among the nations.’ Then the Messenger of Allah said: ‘Do not hire adulteresses and insane women to suckle your children from their breasts, for this affects them.”22

To Obey Women

Imam Ali (AS) has said: “Avoid bad women, and beware of their good ones. If they enjoin you to the good, do obey them, lest they may attract you to the wrong later on.”23
Some tradition says: “Seek the protection of Allah from the bad ones of your wives.”24

Rights of Women

Imam Sadiq (AS) has been reported as saying: “Fear Allah concerning the two weaks (meaning orphans and women).”25

Marriage

Abdul Melik ibn Umar has reported: “I asked Imam Sadiq (AS) about temporary marriage, and the Imam said: ‘It is a difficult matter. Avoid (temporary marriage with) virgins.”26
Evidently, there are advantages and disadvantages in temporary marriage. The permission is with the father of the girl. Temporary marriage with virgins has been proscribed.

Little Dowry

We are duty-bound for little dowries in marriage when forming a family. The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “The best women of my Ummah are the most good-looking of them in face and the least of them in (asking for) dowries” 27
  • 1. Qur'an, 30:21.
  • 2. Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 100, p. 237.
  • 3. Mostadrak, vol. 2, p. 532.
  • 4. Ibid.
  • 5. Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 100, p. 236.
  • 6. Ibid., p. 224.
  • 7. Nahj al-Balaghah, vol. 1, p. 170.
  • 8. Wasa’il al-Shiah, vol. 140, p. 164.
  • 9. Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 100, p. 238.
  • 10. Wasa’il al-Shiah, vol. 14, p. 123.
  • 11. Bihar al-Anwar , vol. 100, p. 230.
  • 12. Wasa’il al-Shiah, vol. 14, p. 115.
  • 13. Ibid, p. 116.
  • 14. Ibid., p. 119.
  • 15. Ibid., p. 116.
  • 16. Wasa’il al-Shiah, vol. 14, p. 116.
  • 17. Ibid., p. 111.
  • 18. Ibid.
  • 19. Ibid., p. 121.
  • 20. Ibid.
  • 21. Wasa’il al-Shiah, vol. 14, p. 139.
  • 22. Ibid., p. 4
  • 23. Wasa’il al-Shiah, vol. 14, p. 128.
  • 24. Ibid., p. 124.
  • 25. Ibid., p. 460.
  • 26. Ibid.
  • 27. Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 100, pp. 236-237.

The Advice the Prophet (S) gave to Abu Dharr



The Advice the Prophet (S) gave to Abu Dharr
From Makarim al Akhlaq: Chapter Twelve Section Five, Page 458
Compiled by Sheikh al Jaleel Radiyu al Deen Abu Nasr al Hasan bin al Fadl al Tabrasi,
one among the great scholars of the 6th Century A.H.
وصية رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله لابي ذر الغفاري رضي الله عنه
يقول مولاي أبي طول الله عمره الفضل بن الحسن: هذه الاوراق من وصية رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم لابي ذر الغفاري - رضي الله عنه - التي أخبرني بها الشيخ المفيد أبو الوفاء عبد الجبار بن عبد الله المقرئ الرازي والشيخ الاجل الحسن بن الحسين بن الحسن أبي جعفر محمد بن بابويه - رضي الله عنهما - إجازة قالا: أملى علينا الشيخ الاجل أبو جعفر محمد بن الحسن الطوسي - قدس سره - وأخبرني بذلك الشيخ العالم الحسين بن الفتح الواعظ الجرجاني في مشهد الرضا (عليه السلام)، قال: أخبرنا الشيخ الامام أبو علي الحسن بن محمد الطوسي، قال: حدثني أبي الشيخ أبو جعفر -قدس سره -، قال: أخبرنا جماعة عن أبي المفضل محمد بن عبد الله بن محمد بن المطلب الشيباني، قال: حدثنا أبو الحسن رجاء بن يحيى العبرتائي الكاتب سنة أربع عشر وثلاثمائة وفيها مات، قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسين بن ميمون، قال: حدثني عبد الله بن عبد الرحمن الاصم، عن الفضيل بن يسار، عن وهب بن عبد الله الهناء، قال حدثني أبو حرب بن أبي الاسود الدئلي، عن أبي الاسود
(Says the sheikh) that my master, father, may Allah increase his life-span Al Fadl bin al Hasan said,"These pages are of the advice of the Messenger of Allah (s) that he gave to Abu Dharr al Giffari ." (Then he gives the whole chain of narrators tracing it from Sheikh Mufeed and Sheikh Abu Ja'far Muhammad bin Hasan Babweih up to Abu al Aswad.)
قال: قدمت الربذة فدخلت على أبي ذر جندب ابن جنادة -رضي الله عنه -فحدثني أبو ذر قال: دخلت ذات يوم في صدر نهاره على رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) في مسجده فلم أر في المسجد أحدا من الناس إلا رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) وعلي (عليه السلام) إلى جانبه جالس فاغتنمت خلوة المسجد فقلت: يا رسول الله بأبي أنت وأمي أوصني بوصية ينفعني الله بها؟
Abu al Aswad said, "I had arrived at al Rabdha and I met Abu Dharr Jundib son of Janada (a) and he narrated to me." "I entered one day in the midday in the presence of the Messenger of Allah (s) in his masjid. I didn't see anyone at all in the masjid except the Messenger of Allah (s) and ‘Ali (s) who was sitting by his side, so I took the opportunity of the emptiness of the masjid (to approach the Prophet (s) )." I said, " Oh RasulAllah (s) , by my father and mother, please advise me with such advice that Allah will benefit me by it."
فقال: نعم وأكرم بك يا أبا ذر إنك منا أهل البيت وإني موصيك بوصية فاحفظها، فإنها جامعة لطرق الخير وسبله، فإنك إن حفظتها كان لك بها كفلان.
So he said,"Yes, and how noble you are Oh Abu Dharr! Most surely You are from us, the Ahl Al Bait (a), and I am giving You advise so remember it, for surely it is the collection of (all) the paths of goodness. Surely if You memorize them and put them into practice (hafiztaha), You will have by it `Kiflan'." (Two folds of mercy, in this world and the hereafter)
يا أبا ذر: اعبد الله كأنك تراه فإن كنت لا تراه فإنه يراك. واعلم أن أول عبادة الله المعرفة به فهو الاول قبل كل شئ فلا شئ قبله، والفرد فلا ثاني له، والباقي لا إلى غاية، فاطر السموات والارض وما فيهما وما بينهما من شئ وهو الله اللطيف الخبير وهو على كل شئ قدير، ثم الايمان بي والاقرار بأن الله تعالى أرسلني إلى كافة الناس بشيرا ونذيرا وداعيا إلى الله بإذنه وسراجا منيرا، ثم حب أهل بيتي الذين أذهب الله عنهم الرجس وطهرهم تطهيرا.
Oh Abu Dharr! "Worship Allah as if You see Him and if You weren't seeing Him (You must understand that) surely He sees You. Know that the first of worship of Allah is (Ma'rifa) gnosis, for He is surely the first before every other thing, so there is nothing before Him, The singlemost without any second, the continuing but not to an end. He is the Creator of the heavens and earth and whatever is in them and between them and He is the Subtle, the Aware, and He has power over all things; then (the second most important factor in the worship of God is) belief in me and acknowledgment that Allah sent me to all of humanity as a bearer of glad tidings, a warner, a caller (of people) to Allah by His permission an a illuminating torch of light; Then (the third most important factor in God's worship is) the love of the people of my house, Those from whom Allah has removed (from them) every impurity and purified them a perfect purification.1
واعلم يا أبا ذر: إن الله عزوجل جعل أهل بيتي في أمتي كسفينة نوح من ركبها نجا ومن رغب عنها غرق، ومثل باب حطة في بني إسرائيل من دخلها كان آمنا.
"You must know Abu Dharr that Allah, the Great and Majestic, has made the `Ahl al Bait' in my nation the likliness of the ship of Nuh (Noah) whoever rides it is saved and whoever desires other than it is drowned. He has made them the likeliness of the Gate of Jericho among the Banu Israel, whoever enters the gate is safe.
يا أبا ذر: احفظ ما أوصيك به تكن سعيدا في الدنيا والاخرة.
Oh Abu Dharr! "Safeguard what I am advising You, You will be happy in this world and next."
يا أبا ذر: نعمتان مغبون فيهما كثير من الناس: الصحة والفراغ.
Oh Abu Dharr! There are two blessings seriously taken for granted (misused) by mankind, health and spare time.
يا أبا ذر: اغتنم خمسا قبل خمس: شبابك قبل هرمك، وصحتك قبل سقمك، وغناك قبل فقرك، وفراغك قبل شغلك، وحياتك قبل موتك.
Oh Abu Dharr! Take advantage of five things before five things seize you; Your youth before Your old age, your health before your sickness, Your wealth before your poverty, your spare time before your being busy and your life before you death.
يا أبا ذر: إياك والتسويف بعملك فإنك بيومك ولست بما بعده، فإن يكن غد لك فكن في الغد كما كنت في اليوم. وإن لم يكن غدا لم تندم على ما فرطت في اليوم.
Oh Abu Dharr! Beware of Procrastination for you are (in) today and not (in) tomorrow. If there is a tomorrow for you, be tomorrow as you are today. If there isn't a tomorrow for you, you will grievously regret the opportunity you missed today.
يا أبا ذر: كم من مستقبل يوما لا يستكمله، ومنتظر غدا لا يبلغه.
Oh Abu Dharr! How many a person there is who has met a day he didn't complete! How many a waiter there is of tomorrow who doesn't find it!
يا أبا ذر: لو نظرت إلى الاجل ومسيره لابغضت الامل وغروره.
Oh Abu Dharr! Had you known the exact period of time you will live and realize your fate, you would hate hopes and their deception.
يا أبا ذر: كن كأنك في الدنيا غريب أو كعابر سبيل. وعد نفسك من أصحاب القبور.
Oh Abu Dharr! Be in the world as if you are a stranger or like one simply passing by as in a journey and count yourself as among the people of the graves.
يا أبا ذر إذا أصبحت فلا تحدث نفسك بالمساء. وإذا أمسيت فلا تحدث نفسك بالصباح. وخذ من صحتك قبل سقمك. ومن حياتك قبل موتك، فإنك لا تدري ما اسمك غدا.
Oh Abu Dharr! When you wake up in the morning don't talk to yourself about tonight and when night has come don't worry of the morning for surely you don't know what your state will be tomorrow.
يا أبا ذر: إياك أن تدركك الصرعة عند العثرة، فلا تقال العثرة، ولا تمكن من الرجعة. ولا يحمدك من خلفت بما تركت. ولا يعذرك من تقدم عليه بما اشتغلت به.
Oh Abu Dharr! Beware that may not over take you a fatal accident during stumbling. The stumbling will not be averted. It will not be possible to return (to correct your mistake). Will not praise you the one you left behind of what you left behind. Will not excuse you, the one you will meet (Allah), of what you were so busy conducting (in the world, carelessly).
يا أبا ذر: كن على عمرك أشح منك على درهمك ودينارك.
Oh Abu Dharr! Be greedier, in terms of your time (life span) more than of your gold and silver coins (wealth).
يا أبا ذر: هل ينتظر أحدكم إلا غنى مطغيا أو فقيرا منسيا أو مرضا مفسدا أو هرما مقعدا أو موتا مجهزا، أو الدجال، فإنه شر غائب ينتظر، أو الساعة والساعة أدهى وأمر. إن شر الناس منزلة عند الله يوم القيامة عالم لا ينتفع بعلمه. ومن طلب علما ليصرف به وجوه الناس إليه لم يجد ريح الجنة.
Oh Abu Dharr! Does any of you wait for wealth that will make him oppressive, or poverty that will make him a forgotten thing, or sickness that will destroy, or old age that will not permit him to do anything but sit, or death that will finish him off, or the great deceiver, Dajjal - surely he is the most evil of those things awaited; or the hour (Day of Judgment) which is more calamitous and bitter. Most surely the worst of men in position with Allah on the Day of Judgement is he who didn't benefit from his knowledge. He who seeks knowledge in order to divert peoples attention towards himself will surely not smell the fragrance of Paradise.
يا أبا ذر: من ابتغى العلم ليخدع به الناس لم يجد ريح الجنة.
Oh Abu Dharr! He who seeks knowledge to deceive by it others will not even smell the fragrance of Paradise.
يا أبا ذر: إذا سئلت عن علم لا تعلمه فقل: لا أعلمه، تنج من تبعته، ولا تفت بما لا علم لك به، تنج من عذاب الله يوم القيامة.
Oh Abu Dharr! When you are asked of some knowledge you know not of say, "I do not know!" You will be saved of it's consequences. Don't make judgment of that which you haven't knowledge, you will be saved from the wrath of Allah on the Day of Judgement.
يا أبا ذر: يطلع قوم من أهل الجنة على قوم من أهل النار فيقولون: ما أدخلكم النار وقد دخلنا الجنة بتأديبكم وتعليمكم، فيقولون: إنا كنا نأمر بالخير ولا نفعله.
Oh Abu Dharr! There will be a day when a group of people of Paradise will be over a group of people of Hell and they will say, "What has made you enter hell-fire? For surely we entered paradise by you teaching us and your disciplining (educating) us!" They will say, :We used to bid others to do good while we ourselves didn't do it."
يا أبا ذر: إن حقوق الله جل ثناؤه أعظم من أن يقوم بها العباد. وإن نعم الله أكثر من أن يحصيها العباد، ولكن أمسوا وأصبحوا تائبين.
Oh Abu Dharr! Surely the rights Allah (s) has over us are greater than his servant can possibly fulfill! Surely the favors of Allah are more than His servants can ever encompass. This is why they pass night and day repenting.
يا أبا ذر: إنك في ممر الليل والنهار في آجال منقوصة وأعمال محفوظة والموت يأتي بغتة. ومن يزرع خيرا يوشك أن يحصد خيرا. ومن يزرع شرا يوشك أن يحصد ندامة ولكل زارع مثل ما زرع، لا يسبق بطئ لحظة ولا يدرك حريص ما لم يقدر له ومن أعطي خيرا فالله أعطاه ومن وقى شرا فالله وقاه.
Oh Abu Dharr! You are surely in the passing of night and day where life are short, deeds are recorded and death comes suddenly. Whoever sows good is on the verge of reaping good and whoever sows evil is on the verge of reaping regret. And for every sower in the like of that which he sowed. Will not pass a slow person even a moment and a greedy person will not reach that which is not destined for him. Whoever is given good, Allah gave it to him and whoever is protected from evil, then Allah protected him.
يا أبا ذر: المتقون سادة، والفقهاء قادة، ومجالستهم الزيادة. إن المؤمن ليرى ذنبه كأنه صخرة يخاف أن تقع عليه، وإن الكافر يرى ذنبه كأنه ذباب مر على أنفه.
Oh Abu Dharr! The pious are the masters. And the learned are the leaders. Keeping their company is increase (in good). Surely the believer sees his sin as if it is a boulder, he fears that it will fall on him and surely the unbeliever sees his sin as if it is a fly passing on his nose.
يا أبا ذر: إن الله تبارك وتعالى إذا أراد بعبد خيرا جعل ذنوبه بين عينيه (ممثلة والاثم عليه ثقيلا وبيلا). وإذا أراد بعد شرا أنساه ذنوبه.
Oh Abu Dharr! Surely Allah (s), when He wills good for a servant he puts his sins before his two eyes. When he wills bad for a servant he makes him forget his sins.
يا أبا ذر: لا تنظر إلى صغر الخطيئة ولكن انظر إلى من عصيته.
Oh Abu Dharr! Don't look at the smallness of the sin but look at the one you disobeyed.
يا أبا ذر: إن المؤمن أشد ارتكاضا من الخطيئة من العصفور حين يقذف به في شركه.
Oh Abu Dharr! Surely the believer is stronger in his fleeing from sin than a sparrow when thrown from his nest.
يا أبا ذر: من وافق قوله فعله فذاك الذي أصابه حظه. ومن خالف قوله فعله فإنما يوبق نفسه.
Oh Abu Dharr! He whose words conform with his deed so he is the one who has attained his share. He whose words don't conform with his deed then he is only destroying himself.
يا أبا ذر: إن الرجل ليحرم رزقه بالذنب يصيبه
Oh Abu Dharr! Surely a man’s sustenance is prohibited (from reaching him) because of a sin he did.
يا أبا ذر: دع ما لست منه في. فلا تنطق بما لا يعنيك. واخزن لسانك كما تخزن ورقك.
Oh Abu Dharr! Leave that which you have nothing to do with. Do not speak of that which does not concern you, and guard your tongue like you guard your money.
يا أبا ذر: إن الله جل ثناؤه ليدخل قوما الجنة فيعطيهم حتى يملوا وفوقهم قوم في الدرجات العلى، فإذا نظروا إليهم عرفوهم فيقولون: ربنا إخواننا كنا معهم في الدنيا فبم فضلتهم علينا؟ فيقال: هيهات هيهات إنهم كانوا يجوعون حين تشبعون ويظمؤن حين تروون ويقومون حين تنامون ويشخصون حين تخفضون.
Oh Abu Dharr! Surely Allah, glorious is His praise, will enter a people into paradise and will give them until they are weary and above them there will be a people in the highest grades. So when they will look to them they will recognize them so they will say. "Oh our Lord, they are our brothers, we use to be together in the world so why have you favored them over us." So it will be said, "Far from it, far from it! Surely they used to be hungry while you were satiated, they used to be thirsty while you were quenched, they used to stand (in prayer) while you used to sleep, they used to rise (take a stand) while you used to go low (be passive, relax).
يا أبا ذر: جعل الله جل ثناؤه قرة عيني في الصلاة. وحبب إلي الصلاة كما حبب إلى الجائع الطعام، وإلى الظمآن الماء. وإن الجائع إذا أكل شبع وإن الظمآن إذا شرب روى، وأنا لا أشبع من الصلاة.
Oh Abu Dharr! Allah, glorious is His praise, has made the pleasure of my eye in Salat, and has made me to love the Salat like food is made loveable to the hungry and water to the thirsty. And surely the hungry one, when he eats, he is satiated and the thirsty one, when he drinks he is quenched but I am not satiated from Salat.
يا أبا ذر: أيما رجل تطوع في يوم وليلة اثنتي عشرة ركعة سوى المكتوبة كان له حقا واجبا بيت في الجنة.
Oh Abu Dharr! Anyone who voluntarily does 12 raka't other than the obligatory, he has a sure right to a house in paradise.
يا أبا ذر: إنك ما دمت في الصلاة فإنك تقرع باب الملك الجبار، ومن يكثر قرع باب الملك يفتح له.
Oh Abu Dharr! Surely, so long as you are in Salat, you are knocking on the door of the Great King, and whoever knocks much on the door of the King it will be opened for him.
يا أبا ذر: ما من مؤمن يقوم مصليا إلا تناثر عليه البر ما بينه وبين العرش ووكل به ملك ينادي: يا ابن آدم لو تعلم ما لك في الصلاة ومن تناجي ما انفتلت.
Oh Abu Dharr! There is no believer that stands in prayer but falls on him goodness (birr) what is between him and the Throne. And an angel is appointed for him that calls out, "Oh son of Adam, if you knew what there is for you in Salat and who you are calling, you would not turn away.
يا أبا ذر: طوبى لاصحاب الالوية يوم القيامة يحملونها فيسبقون الناس إلى الجنة، ألا: هم السابقون إلى المساجد بالاسحار وغير الاسحار.
Ah Abu Dharr! Glad tidings to those who will carry the banners on the Day of Resurrection, for they will go to Paradise ahead of the people. Verily, they are those who spent their days and nights in the mosque.
يا أبا ذر: الصلاة عماد الدين واللسان أكبر، والصدقة تمحو الخطيئة واللسان أكبر، والصوم جنة من النار واللسان أكبر، والجهاد نباهة واللسان أكبر.
Oh Abu Dharr! The Salat is the pillar of the religion (deen) and the tongue is greater; and charity wipes out sin and the tongue is greater; and Fasting is a shield against the fire and the tongue is greater; and jihad is nobility and the tongue is greater.
يا أبا ذر: الدرجة في الجنة فوق الدرجة كما بين السماء والارض، وإن العبد ليرفع بصره فيلمع له نور يكاد يخطف بصره فيفزع لذلك فيقول: ما هذا؟ فيقال: هذا نور أخيك، فيقول: أخي فلان كنا نعمل جميعا في الدنيا وقد فضل علي هكذا، فيقال له: إنه كان أفضل منك عملا، ثم يجعل في قلبه الرضا حتى يرضى.
Oh Abu Dharr! A degree in heaven is above a degree (like steps) like what is between the sky and earth. And surely the servant raises his eye and light dazzles it, almost snatching his sight, so he is shocked by it and says, "What is this?" So it is said, "This is the light of your brother." So he will say, "My brother so and so? We use to work together in the world and he has been so much favored over me?" So it will by said, "He surely was better than you in deeds." Then will be put in his heart satisfaction until he is satisfied.
يا أبا ذر: الدنيا سجن المؤمن وجنة الكافر وما أصبح فيها مؤمن إلا حزينا، فكيف لا يحزن المؤمن وقد أوعده الله جل ثناؤه إنه وارد جهنم ولم يعده أنه صادر عنها وليلقين أمراضا ومصيبات وأمورا تغيظه وليظلمن فلا ينتصر، يبتغي ثوابا من الله تعالى فلا يزال حزينا حتى يفارقها، فإذا فارقها أفضى إلى الراحة والكرامة.
On Abu Dharr! This world is the prison of the believer and the paradise of the unbeliever. And no believer wakes up but is grieved in it. And how can he not be grieved in it when Allah has sworn that it will take him to Hell and He didn't promise him that it will deliver him from it, and that he shall meet (in it) sicknesses and hardships and matters which will anger him and he will be wronged in it and won't be helped. He seeks reward from Allah and continues to be in grief (in it)until he departs from it. And when he departs from it, he attains to comfort and honor.
يا أبا ذر: ما عبد الله عزوجل على مثل طول الحزن.
Oh Abu Dharr! Allah (s), has not been worshipped with a thing like that of length of grief.
يا أبا ذر: من أوتي من العلم ما لا يبكيه لحقيق أن يكون قد أوتي علما لا ينفعه، إن الله نعت العلماء فقال عزوجل: "إن الذين أوتو العلم من قبله إذا يتلى عليهم يخرون للاذقان سجدا ويقولون سبحان ربنا إن كان وعد ربنا لمفعولا، ويخرون للاذقان يبكون ويزيدهم خشوعاً".
يا أبا ذر: من استطاع أن يبكي فليبك. ومن لم يستطع فليشعر قلبه الحزن وليتباك، إن القلب القاسي بعيد من الله تعالى ولكن لا يشعرون.
Oh Abu Dharr! Whoever is given knowledge which doesn't cause him to cry simply because he has been given knowledge, it will not benefit him. Allah has described the learned and said, "Surely those who were given knowledge before it, when it is recited onto them they fall upon their faces in prostration and they say, "Glory be to our Lord. Surely the promise of Allah shall be done." They fall on their faces crying and they increase in humility.
Oh Abu Dharr! Whoever is able to cry, let him cry. Whoever isn't able to cry then let him have his heart feel sadness and let him try to cry. Surely the hard heart is far from Allah (s), but they don't realize.
يا أبا ذر: يقول الله تعالى: لا أجمع على عبد خوفين ولا أجمع له أمنين، فإذا أمنني في الدنيا أخفته يوم القيامة وإذا خافني في الدنيا آمنته يوم القيامة.
Oh Abu Dharr! Allah (s) says, "I will not combine for my servant two fears nor two safeties. So when he feels safe from me in the world, I make him fear on the Day of Judgement. And when he fears me in the world, I give him safety on the Day of Judgement."
يا أبا ذر: لو أن رجلا كان له كعمل سبعين نبيا لاحتقره وخشي أن لا ينجو من شر يوم القيامة.
Oh Abu Dharr! If a man had the deeds of 70 prophets he would be looked down upon and it is feared that he will not be saved from the evils of the Day of Judgement.
يا أبا ذر: إن العبد ليعرض عليه ذنوبه يوم القيامة فيمن ذنب ذنوبه فيقول: أما إني كنت خائفا مشفقا فيغفر له.
Oh Abu Dharr! Surely the servant will be shown his sins on the Day of Judgement with him who did his sins (also) so he will say, "As for me, I was afraid, feeling anxiety (about my sins) so he will be forgiven.
يا أبا ذر: إن الرجل ليعمل الحسنة فيتكل عليها ويعمل المحقرات حتى يأتي الله وهو عليه غضبان. وإن الرجل ليعمل السيئة فيفرق منها يأتي آمنا يوم القيامة.
Oh Abu Dharr! Surely the man does a good deed and he trusts (depends) on it and he (also) does despised deeds until Allah comes to him while angry. Surely the man who does an evil deed and he is afraid of it (its consequence) he will come safely on the Day of Judgement.
يا أبا ذر: إن العبد ليذنب الذنب فيدخل به الجنة، فقلت: وكيف ذلك بأبي أنت وأمي يا رسول الله؟ قال: يكون ذلك الذنب نصب عينيه تائبا منه قارا إلى الله عزوجل حتى يدخل الجنة.
Oh Abu Dharr! Surely the servant commits a sin, so he is made to enter into heaven by it! So I said, "And how is that? By my mother and father Oh Messenger of Allah (s)." He said, "That sin in front of his eyes makes him repentant of it, fleeing to Allah (s) (from it), until he enters heaven!"
يا أبا ذر: الكيس من دان نفسه وعمل لما بعد الموت. والعاجز من أتبع نفسه وهواها وتمنى على الله عزوجل الاماني.
Oh Abu Dharr! Smart is the one who subjugates himself and acts for that which is after death, and weak is the one who follows his self and its caprice and then hopes in Allah so many a hope.
يا أبا ذر: إن أول شئ يرفع من هذه الامة: الامانة والخشوع حتى لا تكاد ترى خاشعا.
Oh Abu Dharr! Surely the first thing which will be removed from this community (Ummat) is safekeeping (amaanat) and humbleness until it will hardly be seen fearful (of God)
يا أبا ذر: والذي نفس محمد بيده لو أن الدنيا كانت تعدل عند الله جناح بعوضة أو ذباب ما سقى الكافر منها شربة من ماء.
Oh Abu Dharr! By Him in whose hand the soul of Muhammad is in (s), if the world was equal, with Allah, to that of a wing of a fly, the unbeliever wouldn't even get from it a glass of water.
يا أبا ذر: إن الدنيا ملعونة ملعون ما فيها إلا ما ابتغي به وجه الله. وما من شئ أبغض إلى الله تعالى من الدنيا خلقها ثم عرضها فلم ينظر إليها ولا ينظر إليها حتى تقوم الساعة. وما من شئ أحب إلى الله من الايمان به وترك ما أمر بتركه.
Oh Abu Dharr! The world is cursed! Is cursed what is in it except that by which Allah's face is sought. And there is nothing more hateful to Allah than the world. He created it then left it so He didn't look at it and will not look at it until stands the hour (Day of Judgement). And there is nothing more loveable to Allah than faith (eeman) in Him and abandoning of that which He ordered to be abandoned.
يا أبا ذر: إن الله تبارك وتعالى أوحى إلى أخي عيسى عليه السلام: يا عيسى: لا تحب الدنيا فإني لست احبها وأحب الاخرة، فإنما هي دار المعاد.
Oh Abu Dharr! Surely Allah (s), revealed to my brother Isa (a), "Oh Isa! Don't love the world for surely I don't love it and love the Hereafter for surely it is the house of return."
يا أبا ذر: إن جبرئيل (عليه السلام) أتاني بخزائن الدنيا على بغلة شه‍باء فقال لي: يا محمد: هذه خزائن الدنيا ولا تنقصك من حظك عند ربك، فقلت: حبيبي جبرئيل لا حاجة لي بها، إذا شبعت شكرت ربي وإذا جعت سألته.
Oh Abu Dharr! Surely Jibreel (a) came to me with the treasures of the world and said, "Oh Muhammad (S.)! This is the treasures of the world (for you) and it will not decrease of your share (in the Hereafter) with your Lord." So I said, "My beloved Jibreel! I have no need of it. When I'm satiated I thank my Lord and when I'm hungry I ask Him."
يا أبا ذر: إذا أراد الله عزوجل بعبد خيرا فقهه في الدين وزهده في الدنيا وبصره بعيوب نفسه.
Oh Abu Dharr! When Allah wants good for a servant He gives him understanding in religion and makes him abstemious in the world and makes him to see his own faults.
يا أبا ذر: ما زهد عبد في الدنيا إلا أنبت الله الحكمة في قلبه وأنطق بها لسانه وبصره بعيوب الدنيا ودائها ودوائها وأخرجه منها سالما إلى دار السلام.
Oh Abu Dharr! No servant abstains in the world but Allah causes wisdom to grow in his heart, and causes his tongue to utter it, and gives him insight of the faults of the world and its sickness and its cure and causes him to leave from it safely into the abode of peace.
يا أبا ذر: إذا رأيت أخاك قد زهد في الدنيا فاستمع منه فإنه يلقن الحكمة، فقلت: يا رسول الله: من أزهد الناس؟ فقال: من لم ينس المقابر والبلى وترك فضل زينة الدنيا وآثر ما يبقى على ما يفنى ولم يعد غدا من أيامه وعد نفسه في الموتى.
Oh Abu Dharr! When you see your brother abstaining from worldliness, listen to him for surely he is dictating wisdom. So I said, "Oh Messenger of Allah (s), who is the most abstemious (zahid) of mankind?" So he said, "One who doesn't forget the graves and the deterioration (of the world) and leaves the excess of the adornment of the world and prefers what lasts over that which perishes and he doesn't count tomorrow among his days and counts himself among the dead.
يا أبا ذر: إن الله تبارك وتعالى لم يوح إلي أن أجمع المال ولكن أوحى إلي أن سبح بحمد ربك وكن من الساجدين واعبد ربك حتى يأتيك اليقين.
Oh Abu Dharr! Allah didn't reveal to me to amass wealth upon wealth. But He revealed to me, "Glorify with the praise of your Lord and be among the prostrating ones and worship your Lord until comes to you the certainty."
يا أبا ذر: إني ألبس الغليظ واجلس على الارض وألعق أصابعي وأركب الحمار بغير سرج وأردف خلفي، فمن رغب عن سنتي فليس مني.
Oh Abu Dharr! I wear coarse clothing, sit on the floor lick my fingers, ride a donkey without a saddle and have someone sit behind me. So whoever does not like my manner, so he is not of me.
يا أبا ذر: حب المال والشرف أذهب لدين الرجل من ذئبين ضاريين في زرب الغنم فأغارا فيها حتى أصبحا فماذا أبقيا منها؟ قال: قلت: يا رسول الله الخائفون الخاضعون المتواضعون الذاكرون الله كثيرا، أهم يسبقون الناس إلى الجنة؟ فقال: لا، ولكن فقراء المسلمين، فإنهم يأتون يتخطون رقاب الناس، فيقول لهم خزنة الجنة كما أنتم حتى تحاسبوا، فيقولون: بم نحاسب؟ فوالله ما ملكنا فنجور ونعدل ولا افيض علينا فنقبض ونبسط ولكن عبدنا ربنا حتى دعانا فأجبنا.
Oh Abu Dharr! Love of wealth and honor are stronger in stripping a man of his religion than two ferocious wolves in a cattle pen of sheep; so they attack in it until morning. So what will remain of it? So I said, "Oh Messenger of Allah (S), the fearful humble lowly people who remember Allah much, will they be the first among mankind to go to heaven?"
So he said, "No. But it will be the poor among the muslims. They will come outstripping the necks of mankind. Will say to them the Keepers of Heaven, "Like that you are until you are accounted of!" So they will say, "About what shall we be accounted for, for by Allah we didn't own anything by which we could oppress or do justice and we weren't given (wealth) so we could withhold or give (to others) but we worshipped our Lord until He called us so we answered.
يا أبا ذر: إن الدنيا مشغلة للقلوب والابدان وإن الله تبارك وتعالى سائلنا عما نعمنا في حلاله فكيف بما أنعمنا في حرامه؟
Oh Abu Dharr! The world keeps our hearts and bodies busy and Allah will ask us about what we were favored with of His lawful (halal), then what about that which we enjoyed in His unlawful (haram)!
يا أبا ذر: إني قد دعوت الله جل ثناؤه إن يجعل رزق من يحبني كفافا وأن يعطني من يبغضني كثرة المال والولد.
Oh Abu Dharr! I surely asked Allah, magnificent is His praise, to make the sustenance of he who loves me sufficient and to give the one who hates me much wealth and children.
يا أبا ذر: طوبى للزاهدين في الدنيا الراغبين في الاخرة الذين اتخذوا أرض الله بساطا وترابها فراشا وماءها طيبا واتخذوا كتاب الله شعارا ودعاءه دثارا، يقرضون الدنيا قرضا.
Oh Abu Dharr! Blessedness is for those who are abstemious in the world, those who long for the hereafter; they take the earth of Allah as a carpet and its soil as a pillow and its water as perfume. They read the book of Allah lowly and call Him loudly and they cut themselves off from worldliness completely.
يا أبا ذر: حرث الاخرة العمل الصالح. وحرث الدنيا المال والبنون.
Oh Abu Dharr! The harvest of the Hereafter is the good deeds, and the harvest of the life o this world is wealth and children.
يا أبا ذر: إن ربي أخبرني، فقال: وعزتي وجلالي ما أدرك العابدون درك البكاء وإني لابني لهم في الرقيق الاعلى قصرا لا يشركهم فيه أحد. قال: قلت: يا رسول الله: أي المؤمنين أكيس قال: أكثرهم للموت ذكرا وأحسنهم له استعدادا.
Oh Abu Dharr! Surely my Lord has informed me so He said, "By My glory and majesty, no servants attain to crying but I build for them a palace in paradise that no one will be a partner with in it. So I said, "Oh Messenger of Allah (s), who among the believers is most intelligent?" He said, "those that remember death most and prepare for it in the best way.
يا أبا ذر: إذا دخل النور القلب انفسح القلب واتسع، قلت: فما علامة ذلك بأبي أنت وأمي يا رسول الله؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): الانابة إلى دار الخلود والتجافي عن دار الغرور والاستعداد للموت قبل نزوله.
On Abu Dharr! When light enters the heart it expands and becomes spacious. I said, "So what is the sign of that by my mother and father, Oh Messenger of Allah (s)."He said, "Turning (one's attention) to the eternal abode and keeping aloof from the abode of deception and preparation for death before it takes place."
يا أبا ذر: اتق الله ولا تر الناس إنك تخشى الله فيكرموك وقلبك فاجر.
Oh Abu Dharr! Fear Allah and don't show mankind that you fear Allah so they honor you while your heart is evil.
يا أبا ذر: ليكن لك في كل شئ نية صالحة حتى في النوم والاكل.
Oh Abu Dharr! Let there be for you in everything a pious intention, even when it comes to sleeping and eating.
يا أبا ذر: لتعظم جلال الله في صدرك، فلا تذكره كما يذكره الجاهل عند الكلب: " اللهم اخزه " عند الخنزير: " اللهم اخزه ".
Oh Abu Dharr! You must magnify the majesty of Allah in your heart. So don't remember him like the ignorant remembers Him in the presence of a dog saying, "Oh Allah disgrace him" and in the presence of a pig "Oh Allah disgrace him."
يا أبا ذر: إن لله ملائكة قياما من خيفة الله ما رفعوا رؤوسهم حتى ينفخ في الصور النفخة الاخرة فيقولون جميعا: سبحانك ربنا وبحمدك ما عبدناك كما ينبغي لك أن تعبد.
Oh Abu Dharr! Surely Allah has angels who are standing out of fear of Him. They won't raise their heads until the trumpet shall be blown, the sounding of the Hereafter. So they will all say, "Glory be to You our Lord, and Your praise. We haven't worshipped you as it is fit for You to be worshipped!"
يا أبا ذر: لو كان لرجل عمل سبعين نبيا لاستقل عمله من شدة ما يرى يومئذ، ولو أن دلوا من غسلين صب في مطلع الشمس لغلت منه جماجم من في مغربها، ولو زفرت جهنم زفرة لم يبق ملك مقرب ولا نبي مرسل إلا خر جاثيا على ركبتيه يقول: رب ارحم نفسي حتى ينسى إبراهيم إسحق ويقول: يا رب أنا خليلك إبراهيم فلا تنسني.
Oh Abu Dharr! If a man had the deeds of 70 prophets he would deem his deeds small because of the hardship he will see on that day. If a bucket of two baths were poured in the rising place of the sun it would cause to boil, the skulls of those who are witnessing its setting. And if Hell only exhaled one sigh, no near angel nor messenger sent would remain but would fall prostrate on his knees saying, "Lord have mercy on my soul," until he will forget Ibrahim and Ishaq and say, "My Lord, I am your Khaleel Ibrahim, so don't forget me!"
يا أبا ذر: لو أن امرأة من نساء أهل الجنة اطلعت من سماء الدنيا في ليلة ظلماء لاضاءت الارض أفضل مما يضيئها القمر ليلة البدر، ولوجد ريح نشرها جميع أهل الارض. ولو أن ثوبا من ثياب أهل الجنة نشر اليوم في الدنيا لصعق من ينظر إليه وما حملته أبصارهم.
Oh Abu Dharr! If a woman of the people of paradise rose from the sky of the world in the darkest night she would illuminate the earth more than the moon does when it is full and would notice the fragrance she emits, all the people of the earth. And if a cloth of the garments of the people of paradise was spread today in the world, would faint who ever looks at it because of what their eyes are beholding.
يا أبا ذر: اخفض صوتك عند الجنائز وعند القتال وعند القرآن.
Oh Abu Dharr! Lower your voice during a funeral, during fighting and during the recitation of the Qur'an.
يا أبا ذر: إذا تبعت جنازة فليكن عقلك فيها مشغولا بالتفكر والخشوع واعلم أنك لاحق به.
Oh Abu Dharr! When you are in a funeral procession, so let your mind be busy in pondering and humbleness and know that you will meet the same fate.
يا أبا ذر: اعلم أن كل شئ إذا فسد فالملح دواؤه فإذا فسد الملح فليس له دواء. واعلم أن فيكم خلقين: الضحك من غير العجب، والكسل من غير سهو.
Oh Abu Dharr! Know that when something gets spoiled then salt is its remedy and when the salt is spoiled there is no remedy for it. And know that in you are two (dangerous) qualities; laughing at something not amusing and laziness when not tired.
يا أبا ذر: ركعتان مقتصدتان في التفكر خير من قيام ليلة والقلب ساه.
Oh Abu Dharr! Two moderate cycles of prayer (rak'at) with pondering is better than standing all night in prayer with a neglectful heart.
يا أبا ذر: الحق ثقيل مر والباطل خفيف حلو. ورب شهوة ساعة توجب حزنا طويلا.
Oh Abu Dharr! The truth is heavy and bitter and the falsehood in light and sweet and it may be that the (fulfillment of the) desire of an hour will yield a long period of grief.
يا أبا ذر: لا يفقه الرجل كل الفقه حتى يرى الناس في جنب الله أمثال الاباعر ثم يرجع إلى نفسه فيكون هو أحقر حاقر لها.
Oh Abu Dharr! A man has not fully understood until he sees mankind next to Allah as camels, then he looks to himself and holds himself more contemptible.
يا أبا ذر: لا تصيب حقيقة الايمان حتى ترى الناس كلهم حمقى في دينهم وعقلاء في دنياهم.
Oh Abu Dharr! You will not reach the reality of faith until you see all of mankind as fools in regards to their religion (deen) and intelligent in regards to their worldly matters (dunya).
يا أبا ذر: حاسبك نفسك قبل أن تحاسب فهو أهون لحاسبك غدا. وزن نفسك قبل أن توزن، وتجهز للعرض الاكبر يوم تعرض لا تخفى منك على الله خافية.
Oh Abu Dharr! Take account of yourself before you're taken account of so your accounting will be easier tomorrow. And weigh yourself before you are weighed and prepare for the great staging; the day you will be presented, not the least of a hidden thing of you will be hidden from Allah.
يا أبا ذر: استح من الله، فإني والذي نفسي بيده لا أزال حين أذهب إلى الغائط مقنعا بثوبي
أستحي من الملكين الذين معي.
Oh Abu Dharr! Be shy of Allah for surely by the One who my soul is in His hand, I always feel embarrassed when I go to the bathroom; I cover myself with my cloths because of the two angels with me.
يا أبا ذر: أتحب أن تدخل الجنة؟ قلت نعم، فداك أبي، قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): فاقصر من الامل، واجعل الموت نصب عينيك. واستح من الله حق الحياء، قال: قلت: يا رسول الله، كلنا نستحي من الله، قال: ليس ذلك الحياء ولكن الحياء من الله أن لا تنسى المقابر والبلى، وتحفظ الجوف وما وعى، والرأس وما حوى. ومن أراد كرامة الاخرة فليدع زينة الدنيا، فإذا كنت كذلك أصبت ولاية الله.
Oh Abu Dharr! Would you like to enter heaven? I said, "Yes, may my father by sacrificed for thee." He said (s) , "So cut your hopes short and put death before your eyes and feel shy of Allah, the shyness due to Him." He said, I said, "Oh Messenger of Allah, all of us feel shy of Allah." He said, "That is not shyness; rather shyness is to not forget the graves and deterioration and protecting your stomach and what concerns it and the head and what it contains and whoever wants the honor of the Hereafter, so let him leave the embellishments of the worldly life. So if you are like that, you have attained the Kingdom (walayat) of Allah."
يا أبا ذر: يكفي من الدعاء مع البر ما يكفي الطعام من الملح.
Oh Abu Dharr! Some supplication with good deeds is sufficient just as some salt is sufficient with food.
يا أبا ذر: مثل الذي يدعو بغير عمل كمثل الذي يرمي بغير وتر.
Oh Abu Dharr! The one who supplicates without deed is like one who tries to shoot his arrow without a string on his bow.
يا أبا ذر: إن الله يصلح بصلاح العبد ولده وولد ولده ويحفظه في دويرته والدور حوله ما دام فيهم.
Oh Abu Dharr! Surely Allah, because of the goodness of his servant, He betters the condition of his whole family and even his neighbors and the houses around him so long as he is with them.
يا أبا ذر إن ربك عزوجل يباهي الملائكة بثلاثة نفر: رجل في أرض قفر فيؤذن ثم يقيم ثم يصلي، فيقول: ربك للملائكة: انظروا إلى عبدي يصلي ولا يراه أحد غيري، فينزل سبعون ألف ملك يصلون وراه ويستغفرون له إلى الغد من ذلك اليوم. ورجل قام من الليل فصلى وحده فسجد ونام وهو ساجد، فيقول الله تعالى: انظروا إلى عبدي روحه عندي وجسده ساجد. ورجل في زحف فر أصحابه وثبت هو يقاتل حتى يقتل.
Oh Abu Dharr! Surely your Lord (s) boasts to the angels about three people: A man who is in a deserted place (though alone), he calls azan and iqamat and he prays. So your Lord says to the angels, "Look at my servant! He's praying and no one sees him but me." So descends 70,000 angels and pray behind him and they seek forgiveness for him until the next day; and a man who stands in the mid of night and prays alone and does sajdah (prostrates) and falls asleep while prostrating. So Allah (s) says, "Look to my servant! His soul is with me and his body is prostrate" and a man who is in a war and all his companions flee, but he stays firm fighting until he is killed.
يا أبا ذر: ما من رجل يجعل جبهته في بقعة من بقاع الارض إلا شهدت له بها يوم القيامة. وما من منزل ينزله قوم إلا وأصبح ذلك المنزل يصلي عليهم أو يلعنهم.
Oh Abu Dharr! No man puts his forehead (in prostration) in a place of the places of the earth but that place bears witness of that for him on the Day of Judgement. There is no place that a people visit but that place starts either sending salutation on them or cursing them.
يا أبا ذر: ما من صباح ولا رواح إلا وبقاع الارض ينادي بعضها بعضا يا جارة هل مر بك من ذكر الله تعالى أو عبد وضع جبهته عليك ساجدا لله؟ فمن قائلة: لا، ومن قائلة نعم، فإذا قالت: نعم اهتزت وانشرحت وترى أن لها الفضل على جارتها.
Oh Abu Dharr! There is no place of lodging or departure of the places of the earth but they call one another, "Oh neighbor, did anyone pass by you who remembered Allah or worshipped by placing his forehead on you in prostration to Allah?" So one says yes and one says no. When one says yes, it shakes and opens up (in happiness) and sees that it has (been favored) a greater rank over its neighbor.
يا أبا ذر: إن الله جل ثناؤه لما خلق الارض وخلق ما فيها من الشجر لم يكن في الارض شجرة يأتيها بنو آدم إلا أصابوا منها منفعة فلم تزل الارض والشجر كذلك حتى تكلم فجرة بني آدم بالكلمة العظيمة، قولهم: " اتخذ الله ولدا " فلما قالوها اقشعرت الارض وذهبت منفعة الاشجار.
Oh Abu Dharr! Surely Allah, when He created the earth and created what's in it of trees. there was no tree that the children of Adam came to but they got from it a benefit. The earth and the trees remained like that until the evil of the children of Adam started saying the grievous utterance. Their saying, "Allah has taken a son." So when they said it the earth trembled and the benefits of the trees went away.
يا أبا ذر: إن الارض لتبكي على المؤمن إذا مات أربعين صباحا.
Oh Abu Dharr! The earth cries over the believer when he dies for forty mornings.
يا أبا ذر: إذا كان العبد في أرض قفر فتوضأ أو تيمم ثم أذن وأقام وصلى، أمر الله عزوجل الملائكة فصفوا خلفه صفا لا يرى طرفاه، يركعون بركوعه ويسجدون بسجوده ويؤمنون على دعائه.
Oh Abu Dharr! When a servant is in a deserted place and does wudu or tayammum then he does Azan and Iqamat and he prays. Allah (s) orders the angels, so they form a row behind him where the two ends of the row are not seen. They bow with his bowing and prostrate with his prostrating and say Ameen for his supplications.
يا أبا ذر: من أقام ولم يؤذن لم يصل معه إلا ملكاه اللذان معه.
Oh Abu Dharr! Whoever does Iqamah without Azan, no one prays with him but the two angels with him.
يا أبا ذر: ما من شاب ترك الدنيا وأفنى شبابه في طاعة الله إلا أعطاه الله أجر اثنين وسبعين صديقا.
On Abu Dharr! No youth leaves the world and he spent his youth in obedience to Allah but Allah gives him the reward of 72 Siddiq (truthful near servants).
يا أبا ذر: الذاكر في الغافلين كالمقاتل في الفارين.
Oh Abu Dharr! He who remembers (Allah) among the careless is like a warrior among the fleeing.
يا أبا ذر: الجليس الصالح خير من الوحدة، والوحدة خير من جليس السوء. وإملاء الخير خير من السكوت، والسكوت خير من إملاء السوء.
Oh Abu Dharr! A pious gathering is better than being alone and being alone is better than an evil gathering and speaking good is better than silence and silence is better then speaking evil.
يا أبا ذر: لا تصاحب إلا مؤمنا. ولا يأكل طعامك إلا تقي. ولا تأكل طعام الفاسقين
Oh Abu Dharr! Don't accompany but a believer and let no one eat your food but a pious person and don't eat the food of the evil doers.
يا أبا ذر: أطعم طعامك من تحبه في الله. وكل طعام من يحبك في الله عزوجل.
Oh Abu Dharr! Give your food to eat to one who you love for Allah and eat the food of one who loves you for Allah (s).
يا أبا ذر: إن الله عزوجل عند لسان كل قائل، فليتق الله امرؤ وليعلم ما يقول.
Oh Abu Dharr! Surely Allah (s) is with the tongue of every speaker. So let every man fear Allah and know what he is saying.
يا أبا ذر: اترك فضول الكلام وحسبك من الكلام ما تبلغ به حاجتك.
Oh Abu Dharr! Leave excessive speech and it is enough for you what you reach by it your need.
يا أبا ذر: كفى بالمرء كذبا أن يحدث بكل ما يسمع.
Oh Abu Dharr! It is enough for a man as a lie to say everything he hears.
يا أبا ذر: ما من شئ أحق بطول السجن من اللسان.
Oh Abu Dharr! There is nothing more deserving of being imprisoned for (in Hell) than the tongue.
يا أبا ذر: إن من إجلال الله إكرام ذي الشيبة المسلم، وإكرام حملة القرآن العاملين، وإكرام السلطان المقسط.
Oh Abu Dharr! It is of respect to Allah to honor an old muslim man, and to honor a carrier of the Qur'an who acts by it, and to honor a just ruler.
يا أبا ذر: ما عمل من لم يحفظ لسانه.
Oh Abu Dharr! Has not acted, the one who has not guarded his tongue.
يا أبا ذر: لا تكن عيابا ولا مداحا ولا طعانا ولا مماريا.
Oh Abu Dharr! Do not be a seeker of faults (in others) nor a person who over praises (others in there face) , nor a defamer nor a wrangler.
يا أبا ذر: لا يزال العبد يزداد من الله بعد ما ساء خلقه.
Oh Abu Dharr! A servant continues to increase in distance from Allah so long as his behavior is bad.
يا أبا ذر: الكلمة الطيبة صدقة، وكل خطوة تخطوها إلى الصلاة صدقة.
Oh Abu Dharr! A good word (of advise) is sadaqah (charity) and every step you take towards Salat is (also) sadaqah.
يا أبا ذر: من أجاب داعي الله وأحسن عمارة مساجد الله كان ثوابه من الله الجنة. فقلت: بأبي أنت وأمي يا رسول الله كيف يعمر مساجد الله؟ قال: لا يرفع فيها الاصوات ولا يخاض فيها بالباطل ولا يشتري فيها ولا يباع، فاترك اللغو ما دمت فيها، فإن لم تفعل فلا تلومن يوم القيامة إلا نفسك.
Oh Abu Dharr! Whoever answers the caller of Allah and does well in inhabiting the masjids of Allah, his reward from Allah is paradise. So I said, "May my father and mother be sacrificed for you Oh Messenger of Allah (s). How should the masjids of Allah be inhabited?" He said, "Voices should not be raised in them and useless matters should not be discussed in them and things should not be bought and sold in them. Leave foolish talk so long as you are in them and if you don't, so don't blame on the Day of Judgement but yourself."
يا أبا ذر: إن الله تعالى يعطيك ما دمت جالسا في المسجد بكل نفس تنفست فيه درجة في الجنة، وتصلي عليك الملائكة، ويكتب لك بكل نفس تنفست فيه عشر حسنات ويمحى عنك عشر سيئات.
Oh Abu Dharr! Surely Allah gives, so long as you're sitting in the masjid, for every breath taken in it, a degree in paradise. And the angels send blessings on you, and will be written for you for every breath you take in it ten good deeds and will be wiped out from you ten evil deeds.
يا أبا ذر: أتعلم في أي شئ أنزلت هذه الاية " اصبروا وصابروا ورابطوا واتقوا الله لعلكم تفلحون "؟ قلت: لا أدري فداك أبي وأمي، قال: في انتظار الصلاة خلف الصلاة.
Oh Abu Dharr! Do you know the reason concerning which this verse was revealed? "Be patient and exhort others to be patient and connect and fear Allah that you may be successful." I said, "I don't know. May my father and mother be sacrificed for you." He said, "In waiting for the next Salat after every Salat."
يا أبا ذر: إسباغ الوضوء في المكاره من الكفارات. وكثرة الاختلاف إلى المساجد فذلكم الرباط.
Oh Abu Dharr! Doing wudu well during difficulties is among the things that wipe out sins, and frequenting the masjids, that is connecting.
يا أبا ذر: يقول الله تبارك وتعالى: إن أحب العباد إلى المتحابون من أجلي، المتعلقة قلوبهم بالمساجد والمستغفرون بالاسحار، اولئك إذا أردت بأهل الارض عقوبة ذكرتهم فصرفت العقوبة عنهم.
Oh Abu Dharr! Allah (s) says, "Surely the most beloved of the servants to me are they that love each other for my sake; they whose hearts are attached to the masjids and the seekers of forgiveness at dawn. They are the ones that when I want to punish the people of the earth, I remember them, so I avert the punishment from them."
يا أبا ذر: كل جلوس في المسجد لغو إلا ثلاث: قراءة مصل، أو ذكر الله، أو سائل عن علم.
Oh Abu Dharr! Every sitting in the masjid is a waste except three; the recitation of one offering prayers, the remembrance of Allah, and the asking of knowledge.
يا أبا ذر: كن بالعمل بالتقوى أشد اهتماما منك بالعمل، فإنه لا يقل عمل بالتقوى وكيف يقل عمل يتقبل، يقول الله عزوجل: " إنما يتقبل الله من المتقين ".
Oh Abu Dharr! Be more concerned about doing deeds with piety than just doing deeds. Because it is not deemed little, that which is done with piety. And how can a deed be deemed little which is accepted? Allah says, "Allah only accepts from the pious."
يا أبا ذر: لا يكون الرجل من المتقين حتى يحاسب نفسه أشد من محاسبة الشريك شريكه، فيعلم من أين مطعمه ومن أين مشربه ومن أين ملبسه، أمن حل أم من حرام
Oh Abu Dharr! A man can not be among the pious until his accounting of himself is stronger than the accounting a (business) partner takes of his partner. So he knows from where his food comes from and from where his drink comes from and from where his cloths come from; from a lawful means or from a prohibited one.
يا أبا ذر: من لم يبال من أين يكتسب المال لم يبال الله عزوجل من أين أدخله النار.
Oh Abu Dharr! Whoever doesn't care from where he earns his money, Allah doesn't care from where He will enter him into Hell.
يا أبا ذر: من سره أن يكون أكرم الناس فليتق الله عزوجل.
Oh Abu Dharr! Whoever it pleases that he may be the most honorable of mankind, let him fear Allah.
يا أبا ذر: إن أحبكم إلى الله جل ثناؤه أكثركم ذكرا له. وأكرمكم عند الله عز وجل أتقاكم له. وأنجاكم من عذاب الله أشدكم له خوفا.
Oh Abu Dharr! The most beloved of you to Allah, magnificent is His praise, is the one who remembers Him most. And the most honorable of you to Allah is the most pious among you, and the most saved of you from the punishment of Allah is the strongest of you in awe of Him.
يا أبا ذر: إن المتقين الذين يتقون من الشئ الذي لا يتقى منه، خوفا من الدخول في الشبهة.
Oh Abu Dharr! Surely the God-fearing are they who are careful concerning those things which people are not generally concerned with, out of fear of falling into that which is doubtful.
يا أبا ذر: من أطاع الله عزوجل فقد ذكر الله وإن قلت صلاته وصيامه وتلاوته للقرآن.
Oh Abu Dharr! Whoever obeys Allah has remembered Him even if his prayers, fasting and recitation of Qur'an is little.
يا أبا ذر: ملاك الدين الورع ورأسه الطاعة.
Oh Abu Dharr! The king of religion is piety and its crown is obedience.
يا أبا ذر: كن ورعا تكن أعبد الناس، وخير دينكم الورع.
Oh Abu Dharr! Be pious! You will be the best in worship among mankind and the best of your religion is piety.
يا أبا ذر: فضل العلم خير من فضل العبادة، واعلم أنكم لو صليتم حتى تكونوا كالحنايا وصمتم حتى تكونوا كالاوتار ما ينفعكم ذلك إلا بورع.
Oh Abu Dharr! The Virtue of knowledge is greater than that of worship. And know you that if you prayed until your back becomes bent and you fasted until you became thin as strings, that would not benefit you unless it is done with piety.
يا أبا ذر: إن أهل الورع والزهد في الدنيا هم أولياء الله تعالى حقا.
Oh Abu Dharr! Surely the people of piety and abstinence in this world, they are the real friends of Allah.
يا أبا ذر: من لم يأت يوم القيامة بثلاث فقد خسر. قلت: وما الثلاث، فداك أبي وأمي؟ قال: ورع يحجزه عما حرم الله عزوجل عليه، وحلم يرد به جهل السفهاء، وخلق يداري به الناس.
Oh Abu Dharr! Whoever does not come on the day of Judgement with three qualities he has surely lost. So I said, "What are the three, may my mother and father be sacrificed for you?" He said, "Piety that prevents him from that which Allah the Great and Majestic has made haraam for him, and clemency (hilm) by which he refutes the ignorance of the fools and good manners (Khuluq) with which he deals with the people.
يا أبا ذر: إن سرك أن تكون أقوى الناس فتوكل على الله عزوجل. وإن سرك أن تكون أكرم الناس فاتق الله. وإن سرك أن تكون أغنى الناس فكن بما في يد الله عزوجل أوثق منك بما في يدك.
Oh Abu Dharr! If you desire to be the strongest among the people, then depend and rely on Allah (SWT). And if you desire to be the most generous among the people, then fear Allah (SWT). And if you desire to be the wealthiest of people, then be more confident of what is in Allah’s hands than in what is in your hands.
يا أبا ذر: لو أن الناس كلهم أخذوا بهذه الاية لكفتهم: " ومن يتق الله يجعل له مخرجا ويرزقه من حيث لا يحتسب ومن يتوكل على الله فهو حسبه إن الله بالغ أمره ".
Oh Abu Dharr! If all of the people benefitted from this verse, it would have been enough for them: “And whoever fears Allah (SWT), He will provide a solution for him and grant him sustenance from where he least expects it. And whoever depends and relies on Allah (SWT), then Allah (SWT) will take care of him, surely Allah will execute his affair.”
يا أبا ذر: يقول الله جل ثناؤه: وعزتي وجلالي لا يؤثر عبدي هواي على هواه إلا جعلت غناه في نفسه وهمومه في آخرته وضمنت السموات والارض رزقه وكففت عنه ضيقه وكنت له من وراء تجارة كل تاجر.
Oh Abu Dharr! Allah (SWT) says: By My Dignity and Majesty, if my servant prefers My desire over his desire, I will grant him wealth in himself and make his worry be directed to the Hereafter. And the heavens and earths will guarantee his sustenance, and I will relieve him from his tough time, and I will back him up in every business transaction.
يا أبا ذر: لو أن ابن آدم فر من رزقه كما يفر من الموت لادركه كما يدركه الموت.
Oh Abu Dharr! If the son of Adam escased from his sustenance just like he runs away from death, it will reach him just like death will reach him.
يا أبا ذر: ألا أعلمك كلمات ينفعك الله عزوجل بهن؟ قلت: بلى يا رسول الله، قال: احفظ الله يحفظك. احفظ الله تجده أمامك. تعرف إلى الله في الرخاء يعرفك في الشدة. وإذا سألت فاسأل الله عزوجل. وإذا استعنت فاستعن بالله، فقد جرى القلم بما هو كائن إلى يوم القيامة، فلو أن الخلق كلهم جهدوا أن ينفعوك بشئ لم يكتب لك ما قدروا عليه، ولو جهدوا أن يضروك بشئ لم يكتبه الله عليك ما قدروا عليه. فإن استطعت أن تعمل لله عزوجل بالرضا في اليقين فافعل، وإن لم تستطع فإن في الصبر على ما تكره خيرا كثيرا. وإن النصر مع الصبر، والفرج مع الكرب، وإن مع العسر يسرا.
Oh Abu Dharr! Be cafreul, Allah (SWT) is watching over you. Guard your actions and you will find Allah (SWT) with you. Shall I not teach you words which may benefit you by Allah’s help? I said: Yes, Oh Messenger of Allah. He (SA) said: Get to know Allah (SWT) in your time of leisure and comfort and Allah (SWT) will remember you in your hard times. If you ask, then ask Allah (SWT). And if you seek help, seek Allah’s help. Whatever will happen till the Day of Resurrection has already been recorded. If all of creation tried to help or benefit you in something which Allah (SWT) did not will for you, they will not be able to do so. And if they try to harm you with something which Allah (SWT) did not will for you, they will not be able to do so. If you are able to perform deeds for Allah (SWT)
يا أبا ذر: استغن بغنى الله يغنك الله، فقلت: وما هو يا رسول الله؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): غداء يوم وعشاء ليلة، فمن قنع بما رزقه الله فهو أغنى الناس.
Oh Abu Dharr! Be satisfied with the wealth of Allah (SWT) and Allah will grant you wealth. So I said: And what is that, Oh Messenger of Allah (SWT)? He (SA) said: Lunch during the day and dinner during the night, whoever is content with whatever Allah (SWT) gives him, then he is the most wealthiest of people?”
يا أبا ذر: إن الله عزوجل يقول: إني لست كلام الحكيم أتقبل ولكن همه وهواه، فإن كان همه وهواه فيما أحب وأرضى جعلت صمته حمدا لي وذكرا ووقارا وإن لم يتكلم.
Oh Abu Dharr! Allah (SWT) has said: I do not accept the talk of the wise person, rather it is his focus and desire which matters. If his worry and desire is in what I love and is pleased in, then I will make his silence be recorded as thanks to Me and remembrance, and dignity, even though he did not talk.
يا أبا ذر: إن الله تبارك وتعالى لا ينظر إلى صوركم ولا إلى أموالكم وأقوالكم ولكن ينظر إلى قلوبكم وأعمالكم.
Oh Abu Dharr! Allah (SWT) does not look at your physical appearance or your financial status or your words, but He looks at your hearts and deeds.
يا أبا ذر: التقوى ههنا التقوى ههنا، وأشار إلى صدره.
Oh Abu Dharr! Here is piety, here is piety! (and he pointed to his chest)
يا أبا ذر: أربع لا يصيبهن إلا مؤمن: الصمت وهو أول العبادة، والتواضع لله سبحانه، وذكر الله تعالى في كل حال وقلة الشئ يعني قلة المال.
Oh Abu Dharr! There are four things which does not affect anyone but a believer: silence which is the first thing in worship, humility to Allah (SWT), remembrance of Allah (SWT) in every situation, and having little wealth or money.
يا أبا ذر: هم بالحسنة وإن لم تعملها لكيلا تكتب من الغافلين.
Oh Abu Dharr! Hasten to do a good deed even if you don’t get the opportunity do so, so that you are not recorded among the heedless.
يا أبا ذر: من ملك ما بين فخذيه وبين لحييه دخل الجنة، قلت: يا رسول الله وإنا لنؤاخذ بما تنطق به ألسنتنا؟ قال:
Oh Abu Dharr! Whoever owns what is between his legs and beard will enter the Paradise: I said: Oh Messenger of Allah, shall we be accounted for what our tongue speaks? He answered:
يا أبا ذر: وهل يكب الناس على مناخرهم في النار إلا حصائد ألسنتهم، إنك لا يزال سالما ما سكت فإذا تكلمت كتب الله لك أو عليك.
Oh Abu Dharr! Surely, what brings people to fall into Hell-Fire on their noses is what their tongues say! You are safe so long as you are quiet, and when you speak, Allah (SWT) either writes it for you or against you.
يا أبا ذر: إن الرجل يتكلم بالكلمة في المجلس لينصحكم بها فهوى في جهنم ما بين السماء والارض.
Oh Abu Dharr! A man may speak words in a gathering to give advice but he falls in the Hell-Fire what is between the earth and heavens.
يا أبا ذر: ويل للذي يحدث ويكذب ليضحك به القوم ويل له ويل له ويل له.
Oh Abu Dharr! Woe be to he who talks and lies to make a group of people laugh, woe be to him, woe be to him, woe be to him!
يا أبا ذر: من صمت نجا، فعليك بالصدق ولا تخرجن من فيك كذبا أبدا. قلت: يا رسول الله فما توبة الرجل الذي كذب متعمدا؟ قال: الاستغفار والصلوات الخمس تغسل ذلك.
Oh Abu Dharr! Whoever observes silence will be saved, so be honest and do’t ever lie.
I asked him, “Oh Messenger of Allah, what about the repentence of a man who intentionally lies?” He (SA) answered, “Repentence and the five obligatory prayers cleanses the sin.”
يا أبا ذر: إياك والغيبة، فإن الغيبة أشد من الزنا، قلت: يا رسول الله ولم ذلك بأبي أنت وأمي؟ قال: لان الرجل يزني ويتوب إلى الله فيتوب الله عليه، والغيبة لا تغفر حتى يغفرها صاحبها.
Oh Abu Dharr! Beward of backbiting, for backbiting is worse than adultery!
So I asked, “Oh Messenger of Allah, and why is that? He (SA) said: Because a man can commit adultery and then repent to Allah (SWT) and Allah (SWT) can forgive him. But the backbiting cannot be forgiven until those who were backbited forgive first.
يا أبا ذر: سباب المؤمن فسوق، وقتالة كفر، وأكل لحمه من معاصي الله، وحرمة ماله كحرمة دمه. قلت: يا رسول الله وما الغيبة؟ قال: ذكرك أخاك بما يكره، قلت: يا رسول الله فإن كان فيه ذاك الذي يذكر به؟ قال: اعلم إنك إذا ذكرته بما هو فيه فقد اغتبته وإذا ذكرته بما ليس فيه فقد بهته.
Oh Abu Dharr! To curse a believer is corruption, and fighting him is disbelief, and eating his flesh is a disobedience to Allah (SWT). The sanctity of his wealth and property is like the sanctity of his blood. I said: Oh Messenger of Allah, and what is Gheeba? He answered: To say about your brother what he does not like to hear. I said: Oh Messenger of Allah, what if that which is being said is really in that person? He said: Know that if you mentioned what is really in him, that is considered to be Gheeba, and if you spoke what is not really in him, then you have committed Buhtan (tale-bearing)
يا أبا ذر: من ذب عن أخيه المسلم الغيبة كان حقا على الله أن يعتقه من النار.
Oh Abu Dharr! Whoever defends his Muslim brother from backbiting, he would deserve that Allah (SWT) emanicipates him from Hell-Fire.
يا أبا ذر: من اغتيب عنده أخوه المسلم وهو يستطيع نصره فنصره نصره الله عزوجل في الدنيا والاخرة، فإن خذله هو يستطيع نصره خذله الله في الدنيا والاخرة.
Oh Abu Dharr! Whoever sees his Muslim brother being backbited and he is able to defend him and he defends him, Allah (SWT) will defend him in this life and the Hereafter. And if he fails to support him while he is capable of doing so, Allah (SWT) will not support him in this life and the Hereafter.
يا أبا ذر: لا يدخل الجنة قتات، قلت: وما القتات؟ قال: النمام.
Oh Abu Dharr! He who engages in “Qotaat” will not enter Paradise. So I said: And what is the Qotaat? He answered: talebearing
يا أبا ذر: صاحب النميمة لا يستريح من عذاب الله عزوجل في الاخرة.
Oh Abu Dharr! The tale-bearer will not rest from the punishment of Allah (SWT) in the Hereafter.
يا أبا ذر: من كان ذا وجهين ولسانين في الدنيا فهو ذو لسانين في النار.
Oh Abu Dharr! Whoever has two faces and two tongues in this life, he will also have two tongues in the Hell-Fire.
يا أبا ذر: المجالس بالامنات وإفشاء سر أخيك خيانة فاجتنب ذلك واجتنب مجلس العشيرة.
Oh Abu Dharr! The gatherings are confidential, and revealing the secret of your brother is betrayal, so avoid that and avoid the tribal meetings.
يا أبا ذر: تعرض أعمال أهل الدنيا على الله من الجمعة إلى الجمعة في يوم الاثنين والخميس فيستغفر لكل عبد مؤمن إلا عبدا كانت بينه وبين أخيه شحناء، فيقال: أتركوا عمل هذين حتى يصطلحا.
Oh Abu Dharr! The deeds of the people of this world are presented to Allah (SWT) from one Friday to another Friday on Monday and Thursday. Istighfaar (repentance) would be done on behalf of each believer except a servant who has grudges towards another believer. Someone will say to him, “Leave the deeds of these two persons until they make peace.”
يا أبا ذر: إياك وهجران أخيك، فإن العمل لا يتقبل مع الهجران.
Oh Abu Dharr! Beware of abandoning your brother; deeds are not accepted while you are abandoning your brother.
يا أبا ذر: أنهاك عن الهجران، وإن كنت لابد فاعلا تهجره فوق ثلاثة أيام كملا، فمن مات فيها مهاجرا لاخيه كانت النار أولى به.
Oh Abu Dharr! I forbid you from abandoning your brother, and if you must do so, do not abandon him more than three full days. Whoever dies within these three days while they have abandoned their brother, the Hell-Fire will be worthy of him.
يا أبا ذر: من أحب أن يتمثل له الرجال قياما فليتبوأ مقعده من النار.
Oh Abu Dharr! Whoever for others to stand up for him when he enters, then let him take his place in Hell-Fire.
يا أبا ذر: من مات وفي قلبه مثقال ذرة من كبر لم يجد رائحة الجنة إلا أن يتوب قبل ذلك. فقال رجل: يا رسول الله إني ليعجبني الجمال حتى وددت إن علاقة سوطي وقبال نعلي حسن فهل يرهب على ذلك؟ قال: كيف تجد قلبك؟ قال: أجده عارفا للحق مطمئنا إليه. قال: ليس ذلك بالكبر ولكن الكبر أن تترك الحق وتتجاوزه إلى غيره وتنظر إلى الناس ولا ترى إن أحدا عرضه كعرضك ولا دمه كدمك.
Oh Abu Dharr! Whoever dies and has in his heart an atome of arrogance, he will not smell the fragrance of Paradise unless he repents before that.
A man asked: Oh Messenger of Allah, I admire beauty such that I like for my dress and my shoes looks good. Is that something for me to be concerned of? He (SA) answered: How do you find the state of your heart? The man answered: I find it knowing the truth and comfortable with it. So the Messenger replied: That is not the same as arrogance; arrogance is to abandon the truth and exceed it to something else, and to look at the people and think that their family is not the same as yours and their blood is not the same as yours.
يا أبا ذر: أكثر من يدخل النار المستكبرون. فقال رجل: وهل ينجو من الكبر أحد يا رسول الله؟ قال: نعم، من لبس الصوف وركب الحمار وحلب الشاة وجالس المساكين.
Oh Abu Dharr! The most who will enter Hell-Fire are the arrogant people. A man asked: And can anyone escape arrogance, Oh Messenger of Allah? He (SA) answered: Yes, whoever wears the wool and rides the donkey and milks the sheep and accompanies the needy.
يا أبا ذر: من حمل بضاعته فقد برئ من الكبر يعني ما يشترى من السوق.
Oh Abu Dharr! Whoever carries his own belongings will be free of arrogance, i.e. means whoever buys from the market.
يا أبا ذر: من جر ثوبه خيلاء لم ينظر الله عزوجل إليه يوم القيامة.
Oh Abu Dharr! Whoever drags his clothes with pride when walking, Allah (SWT) will not look at him on the Day of Judgment.
يا أبا ذر: أزرة المؤمن إلى أنصاف ساقيه ولا جناح عليه فيما بينه وبين كعبيه.
Oh Abu Dharr! The top shirt of a believer should be at the length of half of his leg, and there is no problem in keeping the below uncovered.
يا أبا ذر: من رفع ذيله وخصف نعله وعفر وجهه فقد برئ من الكبر.
Oh Abu Dharr! Whoever raises his clothes from the ground fixed his slippers and rubs his face on the floor, he will be free from arrogance and pride.
يا أبا ذر: من كان له قميصان فليلبس أحدهما وليلبس الاخر أخاه.
Oh Abu Dharr! Whoever has two shirts, let him wear one and give the other one to his brother.
يا أبا ذر: سيكون ناس من أمتي يولدون في النعيم ويغذون به، همتهم ألوان الطعام والشراب ويمدحون بالقول اولئك شرار أمتي.
Oh Abu Dharr! There will be a group of people from my nation who will be born in luxury and would live continuously in it, their focus is the different colors of food and drink and they praise by words, and they are the worst of my nation.
يا أبا ذر: من ترك لبس الجمال وهو يقدر عليه تواضعا لله عزوجل في غير منقصة وأذل نفسه في غير مسكنة وأنفق ما جمعه في غير معصية ورحم أهل الذل والمسكنة وخالط أهل الفقه والحكمة، طوبى لمن صلحت سريرته وحسنت علانيته وعزل عن الناس شره، طوبى لمن عمل بعلمه وأنفق الفضل من ماله وأمسك الفضل من قوله.
Oh Abu Dharr! Whoever abandons the dress of beauty while he is capable of dressing so, out of humility to Allah (SWT), and he indignifies himself when he doesn’t have to, and he spends what he earns in something that is not disobedience to Allah (SWT), and he has mercy on those who are less dignified, and he intermingles with those who have knowledge and wisdom, glad tidings to he who acts upon his knowledge and spends good from his wealth, and watches what he says.
يا أبا ذر: البس الخشن من اللباس، والصفيق من الثياب لئلا يجد الفخر فيك مسلكا.
Oh Abu Dharr! Wearing the rough and the light clothes so that you don’t find a place for pride in yourself.
يا أبا ذر: يكون في آخر الزمان قوم يلبسون الصوف في صيفهم وشتائهم، يرون أن لهم الفضل بذلك على غيرهم اولئك تلعنهم ملائكة السموات والارض.
Oh Abu Dharr! In the end of time there will be a group of people who wear the wool in both the summer and winter, they think that they are better than others because of that. The angels of the earth and heavens curse them.
يا أبا ذر: ألا أخبرك بأهل الجنة؟ قلت: بلى يا رسول الله، قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): كل أشعث أغبر ذي طمرين لا يؤبه له لو أقسم على الله لابره.
Oh Abu Dharr! Shall I tell you who are the people of Paradise? I said: Yes, Oh Messenger of Allah. He (SA) said: Every person who has uncombed hair and dusty face, nobody cares for him, but he has a high status in the eyes of Allah (SWT) such that if he swears Allah (SWT) will fulfill his swear.
قال أبو ذر رضي الله عنه. ودخلت يوما على رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) وهو في المسجد جالس وحده فاغتنمت خلوته، فقال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم):
Abu Dharr said: One day I entered the presence of the Prophet (SA) while he is in the mosque sitting alone, so I took advantage of his lonliness and he (SA) said:
يا أبا ذر: إن للمسجد تحية، قلت: وما تحيته يا رسول الله؟ قال: ركعتان تركعهما. ثم التفت إليه فقلت: يا رسول الله أمرتني بالصلاة، فما الصلاة؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): الصلاة خير موضع فمن شاء أقل ومن شاء أكثر. قلت: يا رسول الله أي الاعمال أحب إلى الله عزوجل؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): الايمان بالله، ثم الجهاد في سبيله. قلت: يا رسول الله أي المؤمنين أكمل إيمانا؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): أحسنهم خلقا. قلت: وأي المؤمنين أفضل؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): من سلم المسلمون من لسانه ويده. قلت: وأي الهجرة أفضل؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): من هجر السوء. قلت: وأي الليل أفضل؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): جوف الليل الغابر. قلت: فأي الصلاة أفضل؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): طول القنوت. قلت فأي الصوم أفضل؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): فرض مجزئ وعند الله أضعاف ذلك. قلت: وفأي الصدقة أفضل؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): جهد من مقل إلى فقير في سر. قلت: وأي الزكاة أفضل؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): أغلاها ثمنا وأنفسها عند أهلها.
Oh Abu Dharr! A mosque has a greeting.
I said: And what is that greeting Oh Messenger of Allah?
He (SA) answered: Two unit prayer which you perform.
Then I turned to him and said: Oh Messenger of Allah, you ordered me to pray, so what exactly is prayer? He (SA) answered: Prayer (As-Salah) is the best position one can be in, whoever desires to do little can do so and whoever decides to do a lot can do so.
So I said: Oh Messenger of Allah, which deed is the best to Allah (SWT)? He (SA) answered: faith in God, then struggle in the way of Allah (SWT). I then said: Oh Messenger of Allah, which person among the believers has completed his faith? The Prophet (SA) answered: The best of them in manners. I asked: And which believer is best? The Prophet (SA) answered: The one whom the people are safe from his tongue and hand. Then I asked: And which type of abandonment is best? He (SA) answered: He who abandons the bad. I asked: And which night is the best? He (SA) replied: The middle of a late night. I asked: And which prayer is best? He (SA) replied: Reciting a long Qunoot (supplication recited during prayer). I asked: Which fast is most recommended? He (SA) answered: An obligatory fast and Allah (SWT) has multiples of it. I asked: Which type of charity is best? He (SA) answered: The least of effort that is given to a poor person in secret. I asked: And which Zakat is most recommended? He (SA) said: That which is most high in price and that which is most needed or benefitted from its recipient.
قلت: وأي الجهاد أفضل؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): ما عقر فيه جواده واهريق دمه. قلت: وأي آية أنزلها الله عليك أعظم؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): آية الكرسي. قال قلت: يا رسول الله فما كانت صحف إبراهيم (عليه السلام)؟ قال: كانت أمثالا كلها: " أيها الملك المسلط المبتلي إني لم أبعثك لتجتمع الدنيا بعضها على بعض ولكني بعثتك لترد عني دعوة المظلوم، فإني لا أردها وإن كانت من كافر أو فاجر فجوره على نفسه ". وكان فيها أمثال: " وعلى العاقل ما لم يكن مغلوبا على عقله أن يكون له ثلاث ساعات: ساعة يناجي فيها ربه، وساعة يفكر فيها في صنع الله تعالى، وساعة يحاسب فيها نفسه فيما قدم وأخر، وساعة يخلو فيها بحاجته من الحلال من المطعم والمشرب. وعلى العاقل أن يكون ظاعنا إلا في ثلاث: تزود لمعاد، أو مرمة لمعاش، أو لذة في غير محرم. وعلى العاقل أن يكون بصيرا بزمانه، مقبلا على شأنه، حافظا للسانه. ومن حسب كلامه من عمله قل كلامه إلا فيما يعنيه ".
I asked: And which Jihad (struggle) is most recommended? He (SA) answered: The one in which the horse is sacrificed and its blood shed. I asked: And which verse revealed to you is the most greatest? He (SA) answered: Ayat Al Kursi. I asked: Oh Messenger of Allah, what about the Revelatins of Prophet Ibraheem (AS)? He answered: They were all examples. “Oh test ruler, I didn’t send you so that the world divide against each other, rather I sent you to support the oppressed and hear their voices. For I do not reject the call of an oppressed person even if he is a nonbeliever or corrupt person.” And there are examples such as: “A sane person should divide his time in three parts: One hour where he supplicates to his ord, another hour to contemplate in Allah’s creation, and another hour to question and account himself in what deeds he committed, and another hour where he dedicate for work. A sane person should dedicate his time except in three cases: increasing your deeds for the Day of Judgment, earning your living, or enjoying yourself in that which is legitimate. A sane person should have insight and understand the circumstances of your time, mind his own business, and watch his tongue. Whoever counts his speech to be from his deeds, he should decrease his talk except what concerns him.
قلت: يا رسول الله فما كانت صحف موسى (عليه السلام)؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): كانت عبرا كلها: " عجب لمن أيقن بالنار ثم ضحك، عجب لمن أيقن بالموت كيف يفرح، عجب لمن أبصر الدنيا وتقلبها بأهلها حالا بعد حال ثم هو يطمئن إليها، عجب لمن أيقن بالحساب غدا ثم لم يعمل ". قلت: يا رسول الله فهل في الدنيا شئ مما كان في صحف إبراهيم وموسى عليهما السلام مما أنزله الله عليك؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): إقرأ يا أبا ذر: " قد أفلح من تزكى، وذكر اسم ربه فصلى، بل تؤثرون الحياة الدنيا، والاخرة خير وأبقى، إن هذا -يعني ذكره هذه الاربع الايات -لفي الصحف الاولى، صحف إبراهيم وموسى ". قلت: يا رسول الله أوصني؟ قال: أوصيك بتقوى الله، فإنه رأس أمرك كله. فقلت: يا رسول الله زدني؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): عليك بتلاوة القرآن وذكر الله عز وجل، فإنه ذكر لك في السماء ونور في الارض. قلت: يا رسول الله زدني؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): عليك بالجهاد، فإنه رهبانية أمتي.
I said: Oh Messenger of Allah, what about the Revelation of Prophet Musa (AS)? He replied: All of it were lessons. “Wonders at he who is certain of Hell-Fire yet he laughs, wonders at he who is certain of death and he feels happy, wonders at he who observes how the life of this world changes with its people and situations, yet he feels secure in it. Wonders at he who is certain of the reckoning on the Day of Judgment, yet he does not present deeds.
I said: Oh Messenger of Allah: Does this life have anything which was in the revelations of Prophets Ibraheem and Musa (AS) which was also revealed to you? He (SA) answered: Oh Abu Dharr! Recite: He indeed shall be successful who purifies himself, And magnifies the name of his Lord and prays. Nay! you prefer the life of this world, While the hereafter is better and more lasting. It means His remembrance of these four verses. Most surely this is in the earlier scriptures. The scriptures of Ibraheem and Musa. (Surat Al ‘Aala)
I said: Oh Messenger of Allah: Give me advice. He (SA) said: Recite the Quran and remember Allah (SWT), for it is remembrance for you in the heavens and light in the earth. I said: Oh Messenger of Allah: Tell me more. He (SA) said: Perform Jihad (struggle in the way of Allah), for it is the ascetism of my nation.
قلت: يا رسول الله زدني؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): عليك بالصمت إلا من خير، فإنه مطردة للشيطان عنك وعون لك على امور دينك. قلت: يا رسول الله زدني؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): إياك وكثرة الضحك، فإنه يميت القلب ويذهب بنور الوجه. قلت: يا رسول الله زدني؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): انظر إلى من هو تحتك ولا تنظر إلى من هو فوقك، فإنه أجدر أن لا تزدري نعمة الله عليك. قلت: يا رسول الله زدني؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): صل قرابتك وإن قطعوك. وأحب المساكين وأكثر مجالستهم. قلت: يا رسول الله زدني؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): قل الحق وإن كان مرا. قلت: يا رسول الله زدني؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): لا تخف في الله لومة لائم. قلت: يا رسول الله زدني؟ قال (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم):
I said: Oh Messenger of Allah, can you tell me more. He replied: Observe silence except that which there is good in it, for it repels the devil from you and helps you in the matters of your religion. I said: Oh Messenger of Allah, can you tell me more. The Prophet (SA) said: Beware of laughing alot, for it kills the heart and removes the light from the face. I said: Oh Messenger of Allah, can you tell me more.
The Prophet (SA) said: Look at he who is below you and do not look at those who are above you, for it is better that you do so that you better appreciate the bounty of Allah (SWT). I said: Oh Messenger of Allah, can you tell me more. The Prophet (SA) said: Keep contact with your close kin even if they cut relations with you. Love the needy people and accompany them alot. I said: Oh Messenger of Allah, can you tell me more. The Prophet (SA) said: Tell the truth even if it is bitter. I then said: Oh Messenger of Allah, tell me more. He (SA) said: Do not fear anything when it is for the sake of Allah (SWT). I said: Oh Messenger of Allah, can you tell me more.
يا أبا ذر: ليردك عن الناس ما تعرف من نفسك ولا تجر عليهم فيما تأتي، فكفى بالرجل عيبا أن يعرف من الناس ما يجهل من نفسه ويجر عليهم فيما يأتي. قال: ثم ضرب على صدري وقال:
The Prophet (SA) said:Oh Abu Dharr! Let your shortcomings keep you busy from the shortcoming of others ? It is enough of a deficiency in a man that knows the shortcomings of others but doesn’t recognize his own shortcomings. (Then he struck his chest and said):
يا أبا ذر: لا عقل كالتدبير، ولا ورع كالكف عن المحارم، ولا حسب كحسن الخلق.
Oh Abu Dharr! There is no mind like contemplation, and no Wara’ (extreme piety) like avoiding the forbidden, and no deed like good manners.
  • 1. Ref to Holy Qur’an, 33: 33.